Vision-based remote 6-DOF structural displacement monitoring system using a unique marker

  • Jeon, Haemin (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, KAIST) ;
  • Kim, Youngjae (Robotics Program, KAIST) ;
  • Lee, Donghwa (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, KAIST) ;
  • Myung, Hyun (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, KAIST)
  • Received : 2013.11.20
  • Accepted : 2014.04.15
  • Published : 2014.06.25


Structural displacement is an important indicator for assessing structural safety. For structural displacement monitoring, vision-based displacement measurement systems have been widely developed; however, most systems estimate only 1 or 2-DOF translational displacement. To monitor the 6-DOF structural displacement with high accuracy, a vision-based displacement measurement system with a uniquely designed marker is proposed in this paper. The system is composed of a uniquely designed marker and a camera with a zooming capability, and relative translational and rotational displacement between the marker and the camera is estimated by finding a homography transformation. The novel marker is designed to make the system robust to measurement noise based on a sensitivity analysis of the conventional marker and it has been verified through Monte Carlo simulation results. The performance of the displacement estimation has been verified through two kinds of experimental tests; using a shaking table and a motorized stage. The results show that the system estimates the structural 6-DOF displacement, especially the translational displacement in Z-axis, with high accuracy in real time and is robust to measurement noise.


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