DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Research Trend of Traditional Chinese Medicine in the Treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome

하지불안증후군의 중의치료 연구 동향

  • Kim, Tae-Heon (Department of Neuropsychiatry, Dong-Eui Oriental Medicine Hospital, Dong-Eui University) ;
  • Jung, Jin-Hyung (Department of Neuropsychiatry, Dong-Eui Oriental Medicine Hospital, Dong-Eui University) ;
  • Choi, Yun-Hee (Department of Neuropsychiatry, Dong-Eui Oriental Medicine Hospital, Dong-Eui University) ;
  • Kim, Bo-Kyung (Department of Neuropsychiatry, Dong-Eui Oriental Medicine Hospital, Dong-Eui University)
  • 김태헌 (동의대학교 한방병원 신경정신과) ;
  • 정진형 (동의대학교 한방병원 신경정신과) ;
  • 최윤희 (동의대학교 한방병원 신경정신과) ;
  • 김보경 (동의대학교 한방병원 신경정신과)
  • Received : 2014.06.02
  • Accepted : 2014.06.25
  • Published : 2014.06.30

Abstract

Objectives: This study was conducted to assess how Traditional Chinese Medicine treats the medical condition of Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS). Methods: The authors searched for relevant articles through the CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure-www.global.cnki.net) with the following keywords: The main search was for the term 'RLS,' with supportive words added such as 'Acupunture', 'Acupoint', 'Meridian', 'Moxibustion', 'Massage', 'Acupoint injection'. Our search yielded a total of 233 articles; there were a total of 71 articles related to clinical fields. We then analyzed the chosen articles using a number of criteria including the study type used, the treatment method utilized, and the main effect of the treatment. Results: The 71 analyzed articles utilized the following type of study design: 4 were classified as Quasi-randomised trial, 22 as Randomized Controlled Trial, and 45 as a case report. Regarding the treatment used for RLS, 25 studies examined a single treatment modality, while 46 studies examined a complex treatment modality. There were a total of 10 types of acupuncture treatment used in treating RLS; several massage and acupoint injection method were also found. Finally, there were a few studies that used Moxibustion, as well as several supportive treatments like Cupping, Moxibustion, Steam-Washing, TDP (Teding Dancibo Pu) were found. Conclusions: Traditional Chinese Medicine has used a variety of different study designs and treatments vis-a-vis RLS. These treatments are also used to treat the condition in South Korea.

References

  1. Trenkwalder C, Paulus W, Walters AS. The Restless Legs Syndrome. The Lancet Neurology. 2005;8(4):465-475
  2. American Sleep Disorders Association. The international classification of sleep disorders, revised: diagnostic and coding manual. AASM. 1997:69
  3. Do JY, Yoon CH, Kim WJ, et al. Prevalence of Restless Legs Syndrome in Korean Adult Population: Comparison between International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group Criteria and Cambridge-Hopkins. Diagnostic Questionnaire. J Korean Sleep Res Soc. 2013;10(1):7-14 https://doi.org/10.13078/jksrs.13002
  4. Woo JM, Chang SM. Restless Legs Syndrome and Psychotropic Drug. Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology. 2010;17(1):5-10
  5. Zhang ZJ. The book of Zhong Jing. Daesung Publishing Company. 1984:369
  6. Lee SR, Lee YB. (A) Study on the "Pluse Syndrome Complex and Treatment of Blood Paralysis and Weakness Fatigue" in The Synposis of Goldon Chamber. The Journal of Korean medical classics. 2007;20(3), 143-157
  7. Xue J. Home Medical scribe two kinds. Acient Chinese Medicine Press. 1993:10
  8. Yan X, Wang WD, Walters AS, et al. Traditional Chinese medicine herbal preparations in Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) treatment: A review and probable first description of RLS in 1529. Sleep Medicine Reviews. 16(2012): 509-518 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smrv.2012.01.003
  9. Park MS, Kim YM. Study on Clinical Diseases of Blood Deficiency Pattern. Korean J. Oriental Physiology & Pathology. 2013;27(4):343-349
  10. Li WS. Good effect of Restless Legs Syndrome by Silver needle treatment. For all Health. 2013;7(4):158
  11. Ma J. Acupuncture, Electro-acupunture plus Acupoint injection of Calciferolis Calcic, VitaminB12 treat Restless Legs Syndrome(3cases)Report. Journal of Practical Traditional Chinese Internal Medicine. 2013;27(1):112-114
  12. Liu SM. Clinical efficacy of acupuncture Baihui through Taiyang(non-scalp area) combined with lumbar sympathetic block treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome. Xinjiang Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2012;30(3):40-42
  13. Meng XJ. Acupuncture and Moxibustion on Four Gates points for treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome in 28 cases. Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion. 2012;32(10):911-912
  14. Zhou W. Acupuncture treatment of uremic Restless Legs Syndrome in 1 case. Journal of Changchun University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2012;28(6):456
  15. Chen X. Acupuncture treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome Wangyin experience. Beijing University of Chinese Medicine. 2012:1-62
  16. Geng ZY, Yu XM, Zhang WH, et al. Study on curative effect of acupressure on alleviating hemodialysis patients complicated with Restless Legs Syndrome. Chinese Nursing Research. 2012;26(10):2838-3839
  17. Liu H. Acupuncture combined Traditional Chinese herbal medicine fumigation treatment 12 cases of Restless Legs Syndrome. Jiangsu Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2012;44(12):58
  18. Ren ZF. Zuoguiyin combined with Acupoint injection therapy efficacy in elderly Restless Legs Syndrome. Journal of New Chinese Medicine. 2012;44(9):78-79
  19. Liu JF, Zou W, Liu YH. Observation of clinical efficacy of Acupuncture and Herbal medicine treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome. Journal of Clinical Acupuncture and Moxibustion. 2011;27(11):25-26
  20. Wang JX, Zhang JF. Observation on Acupuncture plus Moving cupping for Restless Legs Syndrome. Shanghai J Acu-mox. 2011;30(12):836-837
  21. Hu HJ, Ji XD, Zhang YH, et al. 60 cases of efficacy of Acupuncture and Traditional Chinese medicine fumigation treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome. Xinjiang Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2011;29(5):24-25
  22. Li N, Chen W. Observation of Acupuncture and Moxibustion treatment on 21 cases of Restless Legs Syndrome. Journal of Practical Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2011;27(12):848-849
  23. Chen YJ, Gao Y. Massage therapy with the drug smoked one case of Restless Legs Syndrome. Journal of Changchun University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2011;27(6):456-457
  24. Qin N. Successful treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome by Mouth acupuncture : A report of one case. Journal of New Chinese Medicine. 2010;42(10);103
  25. Zhou GY. Skin needle-based treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome in 48 cases. China Foreign Medical Treatment. 2010;2:51-52
  26. Cui NJ, Jie RL, Yuan CF, et al. Clinical observation of Xiangdan injection treatments on Fengshi for Restless Legs Syndrome. China's Naturopathy. 2010;18(6):11
  27. Zeng Y. Treatment by needling of Hegu on primary Restless Legs Syndrome in 64 cases. Shandong Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2010;29(6):396-397
  28. Jin Z, Liu WZ, Wang YL. Clinical observation of needling in straight treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome. China Medical Herald. 2010;7(35):133, 136
  29. Yan HW. Electro-acupuncture combined with Massage therapy 29 cases of Restless Legs Syndrome. Henan Traditional Chinese medicine. 2010;30(9):916-917
  30. Wang CY. Clinical experiences about Restless Legs Syndrome of 10 cases by Meridian massage therapies. Chinese Journal of Ethnomedicine and Ethnopharmacy. 2010;8:114
  31. Zhao Y, Zhang Y, Zhao LG. A case report of Restless Legs Syndrome by the combination therapy of Acupuncture and Herbal medicine. JCAM. 2009;25(10):18
  32. Liu JH, Zhang GB, Dong GR. Professor Dong Guirong : The experiences of neurological disease 3 cases by combination therapy of Acupuncture and Herbal medicine. Journal of Clinical Acupuncture and Moxibustion. 2009;25(8):41-42
  33. Tang SX, Tang P. Sleep quality effect of Restless Legs Syndrome Patients treated by Acupuncture combined with Medicine. Liaoning Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2009;36(1):114-115
  34. Deng HN. Water injection combined Medicine treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome in 16 cases. Journal of Sichuan of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2009;27(10):114-115
  35. Lu QM. Scalp and Body acupuncture treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome 58 cases. Hebei J TCM. 2009;31(12):1844-1845
  36. Liu WZ. Acupuncture combined with local bloodletting therapy in the treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome clinical observation. Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine. 2009;1-46
  37. Liu WG. Electro-acupuncture and Massage therapy in elderly Restless Legs Syndrome. CJGMCM. 2009;24(7):1316-1317
  38. Liang XD, Yue FL. Warming needle technique with Acupoint injection for the treatment of 42 cases of Restless Legs Syndrome. World J. Acu-moxi. 2008;18(4):62-64
  39. Liu JJ, Zhang Y, Yu XF. Observation of efficacy of Acupuncture and Moxibustion treatment on Restless Legs Syndrome. Journal of Clinical Acupuncture and Moxibustion. 2008;24(8):23-24
  40. Ma YQ, Wang G. The treatment by acupoints by pattern diagnosis with Ziwuliuzhu for Restless Legs Syndrome. Nei Mongol Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2008;1:38,72
  41. Wu YH, Sun CL, Wu D, et al. Observation on therapeutic effect of Acupuncture on Restless Legs Syndrome. Chinese Acupuncture &Moxibustion. 2008;28(1):27-29
  42. Wang GP, Wu CQ, Xu S. Point injection with Electro-acupuncture therapy on Restless Legs Syndrome. The Journal of Cervicodynia and Lumbodynia. 2008;29(3):285-286
  43. Xu YY. Warm acupuncture treatment 31 cases of Restless Legs Syndrome. Jiangxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2007;3:62
  44. Liu MY. The 31 cases of Restless Legs Syndrome by combination therapy of Acupotomy and Traditional Chinese medicine. China's Naturopathy. 2007;15(10):57-58
  45. Ye Z. 50 cases of Restless Legs Syndrome by Water and Electric acupuncture. Shanghai Journal of Acupuncture and Moxibustion. 2007;26(5):43
  46. Luo BH. 13 cases of Restless Legs Syndrome by Acupuncture and Moxibustion treatment. Lishizhen Medicine and Materia Medica Research. 2007;18(1):183-184
  47. Li LX, Waang GM, Wen FY, et al. Therapeutic observation of Acupuncture on Restless Legs Syndrome. Chinese Archives of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2007;25(3):621
  48. Han SX, Fu MW. 43 cases of Chinese medicine combined with Acupoint injection therapy on Restless Legs Syndrome. Henan Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2007;27(8):48
  49. Dai XY, Li Y, Song QZ, et al. Clinical observation of Warm acupuncture at Biguan(ST31) in treating Post-apoplectic Restless Legs Syndrome. Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science. 2006;3:174-175
  50. Zhang H. Point injection combined with Chinese medicine on Restless Legs Syndrome. Hubei Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2006;28(8):47-48
  51. Du XQ, Niu YX, Xiong XZ. Shenque treating 23 cases of Restless Legs Syndrome. Chinese Community Doctors. 2006;7:55
  52. Zhao W, Wang DH, Yang RK, et al. Comparison of therapeutic effects of acupoints selected along different meridians on Restless Legs Syndorme. Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion. 2005;25(9):616-618
  53. Huang XJ, Wang Y, Dong GR. 10 cases of Restless Legs Syndrome patients treated by Acupuncture with up and down principle. JCAM. 2005;21(3):54
  54. Tan JY. Observation of Electro-acupuncture combined with Massage therapy of Restless Legs Syndrome in 38 cases. Journal of Practical Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2005;21(10):617
  55. Wang JZ, Zhou JD. Massage with Acupoint injection therapy on Restless Legs Syndrome. Chinese Manipulation & Qi Gong Therapy. 2005;5:40
  56. Song BL, Pang XZ. 37 cases of Restless Legs Syndrome treatments by single needling on Chengshan. Hebei JTCM. 2004;26(8):618
  57. Gong CL, Zhang AQ. Point injection treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome in 20 cases. Modern Journal of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine. 2004;13(8):1036
  58. Zhu JA. Plum-blossom needle-based treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome. Sponsored By Hubei College of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2003;25(12):43
  59. Shi YL , Wang YM. Observation on therapeutic effect of Acupuncture plus Steaming-washing with Chinese herbs for treatment of 40 cases of Restless Legs Syndrome. Acupuncture & Moxibustion. 2003;23(11):651-652
  60. Meng XH. 24 cases of compound Salvia Acupoint injection therapy on Restless Legs Syndrome. Guangxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2003;26(1):24-23
  61. Sun ZT, Chen M. Point injection treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome in 68 cases. Henan Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2002;22(6):43-44
  62. Ma HG. Acupuncture combined treatment of diabetes Restless Legs Syndrome. Journal of Shanxi College of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2001;2(2):42-43
  63. Wu T, Zhang ZX. 24 cases of Restless Legs Syndrome patients with Acupuncture Point injection treatment at Bizhong. Journal of External Therapy of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2001;10(3):13
  64. Liu GL. 49 cases of Restless Legs Syndrome by Acupuncture and Moxibustion plus Point injection therapy. Shanghai J Acu-mox. 2001;20(6):22
  65. Wen XL. Acupuncture with Auricular acupressure treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome 75 cases. Chinese Journal of Traditional Medical Science and Technology. 2000;7(4):264
  66. Shan XW. Warm acupuncture treatment 40 cases of Restless Legs Syndrome. Clinical Journal of Anhui Traditional Chinese Medicine. 1999;11(4):259-260
  67. Wang DQ, Wu ZY. 40 cases observed Massage with herbal fumigation treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome. Journal of Practical Traditional Chinese Medicine. 1999;15(8):8-9
  68. Huang XJ, Wang JM, An JY. Eye acupuncture treatment 21 cases of Restless Legs Syndrome. Shanghai Journal of Acupuncture and Moxibustion. 1998;17(6):17
  69. Qiao HJ, Zhang LC. The combination therapy of Chinese herbal medicine and Plum-blossom needle about Restless Legs Syndrome. Henan Traditional Chinese Medicine. 1997;17(1):57
  70. Sun ZD, Wang JJ. Experience of treating six cases of Restless Legs Syndrome. Guangming Journal Traditional Chinese Medicine. 1997;3:43-44
  71. Ma BR. 68 cases about Restless Legs Syndrome treatment by needling at Bizhong. Intermediate Medical Journal. 1997;32(1):48-49
  72. Chen XJ. Massage with Traditional Chinese medicine treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome. Henan Traditional Chinese Medicine. 1997;17(3):176
  73. Wang FB. 46 cases of Restless Legs Syndrome by TDP plus Point injection therapy. Nei Mongol Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 1997;2:28
  74. Huang W, Liu XQ. Observation of effects of Scalp Acupuncture and Warm acupuncture treatment on RLS. Journal of Guiyang College of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 1996;18(4):34-35.
  75. Guo WR, Wang JS, Guo X. Acupuncture and Massage therapy 37 cases of Restless Legs Syndrome. China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. 1996;9(4):42-43
  76. Chen WY. The combination therapy of Acupuncture and Herbal medicine 46 cases of Restless Legs Syndrome. Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion. 1996;8:57
  77. Min BC. Massage and Chinese medicine treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome. Sichuan Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 1995;4:53-54
  78. Zhang HY. Xiaokuan acupuncture treatment 64 cases of Restless Legs Syndrome. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 1994;35(11):647
  79. Chen J. Warm acupuncture treatment 30 cases of Restless Legs Syndrome. Shaanxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 1994;15(12):552
  80. Xiong ZQ. Summary of 28 cases of clinical massage and exercise therapy for Restless Legs Syndrome. Chinese Manipulation & Qi Gong Therapy. 1994;1:22-24
  81. Textbook Compilation Committee for Acupuncture Society. The Acupuncture and Moxibustion 2nd. 2008:520-521

Cited by

  1. The Study on Effect of Korean Medical Treatment for Patients with Restless Legs Syndrome vol.26, pp.4, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7231/jon.2015.26.4.357