DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Efficacy of Three Different Plant Species for Arsenic Phytoextraction from Hydroponic System

  • Tiwari, Sarita ;
  • Sarangi, Bijaya Ketan ;
  • Pandey, Ram Avatar
  • Received : 2014.02.14
  • Accepted : 2014.04.17
  • Published : 2014.06.30

Abstract

Arsenic (As) is one of the heavy metals which causes acute bio-toxicity even at low concentration and has disastrous effect on environment. In some countries, As contamination has become alarming and increasing day by day as consequences of unsustainable management practices. Many existing physical, chemical and biological processes for As removal from water system are not feasible due to techno-economic limitations. The present study highlights the scope of biological strategy for As removal through phytoextraction. Arsenic uptake and accumulation in the biomass of three plant species and their As tolerance abilities have been investigated to develop an efficient phytoextraction system in combination of these plant species. Three non-crop plant species, Pteris vittata; Mimosa pudica, and Eichhornia crassipus were treated with 0-200 mg/L As in liquid nutrient solution for 14 days. P. vittata accumulated total 9,082.2 mg (8,223 mg in fronds) As/kg biomass and Eichhornia total 6,969 mg (4,517 mg in fronds)/kg biomass at 200 mg/L As concentration, respectively. Bioaccumulation factor (BF) and translocation factor (TF) were estimated to differentiate between excluders, accumulators and accumulation in above ground biomass. Pteris and Eichhornia have highest BF (67 and 17) and TF (64 and 3), respectively. In contrast, Mimosa accumulated up to 174 mg As/kg plant biomass which is low in comparison with other two plants, and both BF and TF were ${\leq}1$. This study reveals that Pteris and Eichhornia are As hyperaccumulator, and potential candidates for As removal from water system.

Keywords

Arsenic;Eichhornia crassipus;Hyperaccumulators;Mimosa pudica;Phytoremediation;Pteris vittta

References

  1. Chiban M, Zerbet M, Carja G, Sinan F. Application of low-cost adsorbents for arsenic removal: a review. J. Environ. Chem. Ecotoxicol. 2012;4:91-102.
  2. Zhao FJ, Ma JF, Meharg AA, McGrath SP. Arsenic uptake and metabolism in plants. New Phytol. 2009;181:777-794. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02716.x
  3. Brooks RR, Chambers MF, Nicks LJ, Robinson BH. Phytomining. Trends Plant Sci. 1998;3:359-362. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1360-1385(98)01283-7
  4. Chua H. Bio-accumulation of environmental residues of rare earth elements in aquatic flora Eichhornia crassipes (Mart) Solms in Guangdong Province of China. Sci. Total Environ. 1998;214:79-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0048-9697(98)00055-2
  5. So LM, Chu LM, Wong PK. Microbial enhancement of Cu2+ removal capacity of Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.). Chemosphere 2003;52:1499-1503. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(03)00488-0
  6. Ma LQ, Komar KM, Tu C, Zhang W, Cai Y, Kennelley ED. A fern that hyperaccumulates arsenic: a hardy, versatile, fast-growing plant helps to remove arsenic from contaminated soils. Nature 2001;409:579. https://doi.org/10.1038/35054664
  7. Rascio N, Navari-Izzo F. Heavy metal hyperaccumulating plants: how and why do they do it? And what makes them so interesting? Plant Sci. 2011;180:169-181. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2010.08.016
  8. Meharg AA. Variation in arsenic accumulation: hyperaccumulation in ferns and their allies. New Phytol. 2003;157:25-31. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1469-8137.2003.00541.x
  9. Kumar PB, Dushenkov V, Motto H, Raskin I. Phytoextraction: the use of plants to remove heavy metals from soils. Environ. Sci. Technol. 1995;29:1232-1238. https://doi.org/10.1021/es00005a014
  10. Hoagland DR, Arnon DI. The water-culture method for growing plants without soil. Berkeley: University of California, College of Agriculture, Agricultural Experimental Station; 1938.
  11. Chen WM, Wu CH, James EK, Chang JS. Metal biosorption capability of Cupriavidus taiwanensis and its effects on heavy metal removal by nodulated Mimosa pudica. J. Hazard. Mater. 2008;151:364-371. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.05.082
  12. Ashraf M.A, Maah MJ, Yusoff I. Assessment of phytoextraction efficiency of naturally grown plant species at the former tin mining catchment. Fresenius Environ. Bull. 2012;21:523-533.
  13. Alvarado S, Guedez M, Lue-Meru MP, et al. Arsenic removal from waters by bioremediation with the aquatic plants Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) and Lesser Duckweed (Lemna minor). Bioresour. Technol. 2008;99:8436-8440. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2008.02.051
  14. Malik AH, Khan ZM, Mahmood Q, Nasreen S, Bhatti ZA. Perspectives of low cost arsenic remediation of drinking water in Pakistan and other countries. J. Hazard. Mater. 2009;168:1-12.. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.02.031
  15. Sridhar BB, Han FX, Diehl SV, Monts DL, Su Y. Effect of phytoaccumulation of arsenic and chromium on structural and ultrastructural changes of brake fern (Pteris vittata). Braz. J. Plant Physiol. 2011;23:285-293. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1677-04202011000400006
  16. Chandra Sekhar K, Kamala CT, Chary NS, Balaram V, Garcia G. Potential of Hemidesmus indicus for phytoextraction of lead from industrially contaminated soils. Chemosphere 2005;58:507-514. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.09.022
  17. Fischerova Z, Tlustos P, Jirina Szakova, Kornelie Sichorova. A comparison of phytoremediation capability of selected plant species for given trace elements. Environ. Pollut. 2006;144:93-100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2006.01.005
  18. Kramer U. Metal hyperaccumulation in plants. Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. 2010;61:517-534. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-arplant-042809-112156
  19. Hernandez-Allica J, Becerril JM, Garbisu C. Assessment of the phytoextraction potential of high biomass crop plants. Environ. Pollut. 2008;152:32-40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2007.06.002
  20. Ebbs SD, Lasat MM, Brady DJ, Cornish J, Gordon R, Kochian LV. Phytoextraction of cadmium and zinc from a contaminated soil. J. Environ. Qual. 1997;26:1424-1430.
  21. Ebbs SD, Kochian LV. Toxicity of zinc and copper to brassica species: implications for phytoremediation. J. Environ. Qual. 1997;26:776-781.
  22. Ebbs SD, Kochian LV. Phytoextraction of zinc by oat (Avena sativa), barley (Hordeum vulgare), and Indian mustard (Brassica juncea). Environ. Sci. Technol. 1998;32:802-806. https://doi.org/10.1021/es970698p
  23. Maine MA, Duarte MV, Sune NL. Cadmium uptake by floating macrophytes. Water Res. 2001;35:2629-2634. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(00)00557-1
  24. Katsoyiannis IA, Zouboulis AI. Application of biological processes for the removal of arsenic from groundwaters. Water Res. 2004;38:17-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2003.09.011
  25. Tseng CH, Tseng CP, Chiou HY, Hsueh YM, Chong CK, Chen CJ. Epidemiologic evidence of diabetogenic effect of arsenic. Toxicol. Lett. 2002;133:69-76. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4274(02)00085-1
  26. Panda SK, Upadhyay RK, Nath S. Arsenic Stress in Plants. J. Agron. Crop Sci. 2010;196:161-174. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-037X.2009.00407.x
  27. Bagchi S. Arsenic threat reaching global dimensions. CMAJ 2007;177:1344-1345. https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.071456
  28. Winkel LH, Pham TK, Vi ML, et al. Arsenic pollution of groundwater in Vietnam exacerbated by deep aquifer exploitation for more than a century. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 2011;108:1246-1251. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1011915108
  29. van Lis R, Nitschke W, Duval S, Schoepp-Cothenet B. Arsenics as bioenergetics substrates. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2013;1827:176-188. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbabio.2012.08.007
  30. Pal S, Patra A, Reza S, Wildi W, Pote J. Use of bio-resources for remediation of soil pollution. Nat. Resour. 2010;1:110-125.
  31. Schmoger ME, Oven M, Grill E. Detoxification of arsenic by phytochelatins in plants. Plant Physiol. 2000;122:793-801. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.122.3.793
  32. Watts RJ. Hazardous wastes: sources, pathways, receptors. New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1998.
  33. Pickering IJ, Prince RC, George MJ, Smith RD, George GN, Salt DE. Reduction and coordination of arsenic in Indian mustard. Plant Physiol. 2000;122:1171-1177. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.122.4.1171
  34. Zhao FJ, McGrath SP, Meharg AA. Arsenic as a food chain contaminant: mechanisms of plant uptake and metabolism and mitigation strategies. Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. 2010;61:535-559. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-arplant-042809-112152
  35. Mulligan CN, Yong RN, Gibbs BF. Remediation technologies for metal-contaminated soils and groundwater: an evaluation. Eng. Geol. 2001;60:193-207. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0013-7952(00)00101-0

Cited by

  1. Synthesis of some novel adsorbents for antimicrobial activity and removal of arsenic from drinking water vol.32, pp.4, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11814-014-0269-y
  2. Operating parameters in electrodialysis membrane processes for removal of arsenic in groundwater vol.30, pp.4, 2016, https://doi.org/10.11001/jksww.2016.30.4.449