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Mandibular Advancement Devices for Treating Snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apnea

  • Byun, Jin-Seok (Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Jung, Jae-Kwang (Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University)
  • Received : 2014.03.04
  • Accepted : 2014.03.31
  • Published : 2014.06.30

Abstract

Many therapeutic modalities including continuous positive airway pressure, surgery, and oral appliances are used to treat patients with sleep-disordered breathing. However, there are no definitive treatment modalities for individual patients due to various causes of sleep-disordered breathing. Clinicians should have select best options for individual patients and it is quite challenging process. Oral appliances attracted clinical attention for its convenience and safety. Several designs of oral appliances are introduces such as soft palate lifter, tongue retaining device, and various appliances which aimed to mandibular advancement. Among these oral appliances, mandibular advancement devices (MADs) are considered the most excellent based on their effectiveness and patient tolerance. Although MADs are not guarantee dramatic outcome and less consistent than continuous positive airway pressure, they offer several advantages over continuous positive airway pressure and surgical methods, including non-invasiveness, silence, portability, and tolerability, simplicity. Therefore, general dental practitioner who had passed sleep dental curriculum or coursework can treat the patients with sleep problems. This article reviews the history, clinical indications, suggested mechanism of actions, various positive effects and several side effects, factors predicting a favorable outcome, determining amounts of mandibular advancement, compliance and long-term efficacy of MADs use.

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