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Antioxidant Contents and Antioxidant Activities of Hot-Water Extracts of Aronia (Aronia melancocarpa) with Different Drying Methods

건조방법에 따른 아로니아(Aronia melancocarpa) 열수 추출물의 항산화 성분 함량 및 항산화 활성

  • Hwang, Eun-Sun (Department of Nutrition and Culinary Science, Hankyong National University) ;
  • Thi, Nhuan Do (Department of Nutrition and Culinary Science, Hankyong National University)
  • Received : 2014.01.08
  • Accepted : 2014.04.04
  • Published : 2014.06.30

Abstract

This study determined the antioxidant levels and activities of hot water aronia extracts by different drying methods such as sun drying, sun drying after steam treatment, freeze-drying, and oven drying. The total polyphenol content, calculated as gallic acid equivalent, was the highest in the freeze-dried sample (910 mg), followed by sun-dried after steam treatment (779 mg), sun-dried (769 mg), and oven-dried (757 mg) samples. Similar patterns were observed for the total flavonoid and anthocyanin contents. Freeze-dried aronia samples contained the highest polyphenol, flavonoid, and anthocyanin contents as compared to the samples dried by other methods. All antioxidant activities were found to increase in a dose-dependent manner. For the hot water-extracted freeze-dried aronia powder (200 mg/mL), the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS) radicalscavenging activities were 65.5% and 61.7% and the hydroxyl and superoxide anion radical-scavenging activities were 50.5% and 52.1%, respectively. These results suggest that comparatively, freeze-drying is a better method for preserving the bioactive components and the antioxidant activities of aronia.

Keywords

aronia;drying method;polyphenol;anthocyanin;antioxidant activity

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농림수산식품부

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