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Antiadipogenic Effect of Korean Glasswort (Salicornia herbacea L.) Water Extract on 3T3-L1 Adipocytes

세포배양 모델을 통한 함초(Salicornia herbacea L.) 물 추출물의 항비만 효과 탐색

  • Kim, Mi Joung (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, College of Natural Sciences, Seoul Women's University) ;
  • Jun, Hyun Young (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, College of Natural Sciences, Seoul Women's University) ;
  • Kim, Jung Hee (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, College of Natural Sciences, Seoul Women's University)
  • 김미정 (서울여자대학교 자연과학대학 식품영양학과) ;
  • 전현영 (서울여자대학교 자연과학대학 식품영양학과) ;
  • 김정희 (서울여자대학교 자연과학대학 식품영양학과)
  • Received : 2014.02.11
  • Accepted : 2014.03.29
  • Published : 2014.06.30

Abstract

As a natural plant ingredients, glasswort (Salicornia herbacea L.) contains various physiological activities, mainly anti-oxidative and anti-diabetic activities. However, only a few studies have been carried out on its anti-adipogenic effect. This study investigated the anti-obesity effects of Salicornia herbacea L. on 3T3-L1 adipocytes. As adipogenesis of preadipocytes to adipocytes involves proliferation and differentiation of cells, we treated three concentrations (125, 250, and $500{\mu}g/mL$) of Salicornia herbacea L. water extracts (SLW) in both pre-processing and post-processing stages. When 3T3-L1 adipocytes were differentiated and dyed with Oil Red O, adipocytes size and the value of relative Oil Red O staining were reduced by all concentrations of SLW in post-processing stage. Following adipogenic differentiation, the concentration of tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$ (TNF-${\alpha}$) in the cell supernatant significantly increased upon treatment with $125{\mu}g/mL$ of SLW and further rose at concentrations of 250 and $500{\mu}g/mL$ during post-processing stage. There was no significant difference in glycerol production upon SLW treatment. Leptin production significantly decreased at all SLW concentrations during post-processing stage, whereas peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-${\gamma}$ (PPAR-${\gamma}$) and adiponectin secretions were significantly enhanced. Overall results showed that SLW might have an anti-adipogenic effect via enhancement of TNF-${\alpha}$ production, which causes dedifferentiation and inhibits lipid accumulations in adipocyte. Furthermore, SLW might prevent diabetes and cardiovascular disease, as it reduces leptin secretion and enhances production of both PPAR-${\gamma}$ and adiponectin. However, further research is needed to elucidate the exact mechanism and bioactive compounds of glasswort.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농림수산식품부

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