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일부 중년여성의 식습관이 인지된 건강관련 체력에 미치는 영향 -창원지역을 중심으로-

The Impacts of Dietary Habits on Self-perceived Health-related Physical Fitness in Middle-aged Women -Focused on Changwon Province-

  • 이혜진 (창원대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 이경혜 (창원대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Lee, Hye-Jin (Dept. Food and Nutrition, Changwon National University) ;
  • Lee, Kyung-Hea (Dept. Food and Nutrition, Changwon National University)
  • 투고 : 2014.02.11
  • 심사 : 2014.03.31
  • 발행 : 2014.06.30

초록

본 연구에서는 45~60세 중년여성을 대상으로 인지된 건강관련 체력 수준에 따라 대상자를 분류하여 그룹 간에 식습관 및 생활습관을 비교하고, 식습관이 인지된 건강관련 체력수준에 미치는 영향을 알아보고자 하였다. 조사 대상자의 평균 나이는 48.5세로 인지된 건강관련 체력 수준이 '높음' 군의 제지방량이 유의적으로 더 많았다(P<0.05). 혈중지질성분 중에서는 중성지방만이 체력 수준에 따른 유의적인 차이를 보였는데, 인지된 건강관련 체력 수준이 '낮음' 군에서 유의적으로 더 높았다(P<0.05). 생활습관 특성을 분석한 결과 인지된 건강관련 체력 수준이 '높음' 군에서 활력 수준(P<0.001), 주관적인 건강상태(P<0.001), 정기적인 건강검진 여부(P<0.05), 규칙적인 운동 실천(P<0.05) 항목 모두 유의적으로 높았다. 평상시 식습관에 있어서도 인지된 건강관련 체력 수준이 '높음' 군의 식습관 평균 점수가 유의적으로 높았으며(P<0.05), 개별 항목에서도 '일정한 식사 시간(P<0.05)', '일정한 식사량(P<0.05)', '식사 시 즐거움(P<0.01)', '단백질 섭취 빈도(P<0.05)', '채소 섭취 빈도(P<0.01)', '식욕', '적정한 에너지 섭취(P<0.05)' 항목의 점수가 인지된 건강관련 체력 수준이 '높음' 군에서 유의적으로 높았다. 또한 식습관은 교란 인자를 보정한 회귀분석 결과에서도 인지된 건강관련 체력과 유의적인 양의 상관성(P<0.001)을 보였다. 이상의 결과로 평상시 바람직한 식습관이 인지된 건강관련 체력에 긍정적인 영향을 미칠 수 있으며, 중년 여성의 체력 향상을 위해 건강한 식습관의 실천이 필요할 것으로 보인다. 또한 이를 위해 중년 여성의 식생활에 관심을 갖고 올바른 식생활을 실천할 수 있도록 관련 프로그램과 교육의 기회가 마련되어야 할 것으로 사료된다. 본 연구에서 식습관이 인지된 건강관련 체력과 유의적인 관계가 있다는 결과는 그 자체로 의미가 있다고 생각되나 18개 식습관 문항의 평균점수를 독립변수로 처리하여 회귀분석 하였으므로 개별 식습관이 체력수준에 미치는 영향은 보지 못한 연구의 한계점이 있어 추후 분석이 더 요구된다.

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 한국연구재단

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피인용 문헌

  1. The relationship between Intake of Health Foods and Dietary Behavior in Middle-Aged Women vol.19, pp.5, 2014, https://doi.org/10.5720/kjcn.2014.19.5.436
  2. Associations of recommended food score and physical performance in Korean elderly vol.19, pp.1, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6457-2