DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The Effect of Love Attitude and Ego-Identity on Female Adolescent Fandom Engagement

  • Received : 2014.04.02
  • Accepted : 2014.06.11
  • Published : 2014.06.30

Abstract

We conducted an examination of 243 female adolescent fandom members in order to understand the relationship of the engagement in fandom activities, love attitude, and ego-identity. Researchers used three scales of 'Engagement in Fandom Activities', 'Love Attitude' (Hendrick & Hendrick, 1986) and 'Ego-identity' (Dignan, 1965). Correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis were applied after data was collected depending on the scales. The study showed that the degree of engagement and the tendency towards erotic love behavior had a positive correlation. The correlation with the sub-domains of ego-identity were positive with role-expectation and self-assertiveness while self-awareness was negative. All four factors affected the degree of engagement in fandom activities. It is meaningful that research help to understand the characteristic of female adolescent fandom and simultaneously investigate the effective factors of engagement in fandom activity.

Keywords

Female adolescent fandom;engagement in fandom activities;love attitude;ego-identity

References

  1. Yoon, Y. K., & Chae, J. Y.(2005). A psychological approach to mass culture for investigation. Korean Journal of Psychological and Social Issues, 11(3), 67-89.
  2. Wan, M. P. (1997). Constructing love relationship with idols. Hong Kong Anthropologist, 10, 25-31.
  3. Wan, W. W. N., Luk, C. L., & Lai, J. C. L. (2000). Personality correlates of loving styles among Chinese students in Hong Kong. Personality and Individual Differences, 29, 169-175. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(99)00185-3
  4. Woll, S. B. (1989). Personality and relationship correlates of loving styles. Journal of Research in Personality, 23, 480-505. https://doi.org/10.1016/0092-6566(89)90016-0
  5. Cheung, C. K., & Yue, X. D. (2000). Idol worshipping for vain glory, illusory romance or intellectual learning: A study in Nanjing and Hong Kong. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 8, 299- 317. https://doi.org/10.1080/02673843.2000.9747859
  6. Cha, Y. H. (2002). Study on the relationship among social support perception, idolization of pop stars and ego-identity of adolescents. Master's thesis, Sogang University, Seoul, Korea.
  7. Cheng, C. S. (1999). Life stress of and guidance for adolescents. Taipei: Psychological Publishing.
  8. Cheng, S. (1997). Psychological determinants of idolatry in adolescents. Adolescence, 32, 687-692.
  9. Choi, S. C., & Kim, K. B. (2000). The internal structure of the Korean social face. The Korean Journal of Social and Personality Psychology, 14(1), 185-202.
  10. Chon, J. Y., Lee, E. K., Yoo, N. H., & Lee, K. H. (2004). A study on the relation between conformity in group bullying and psychological characteristics. The Korean Journal of School Psychology, 1, 23-35.
  11. Choung, J. M. (2010). An analysis of youth fandom based on the ground theory. Studies on Korean Youth, 21(3), 91-119.
  12. Dignan, S. M. H. (1965). Ego Identity and material identification. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1(5), 476-483. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0021861
  13. Encyclopedia Doosan. (n.d.). In Encyclopedia Doosan online. Retrieved July 12, 2013, from http://terms.naver.com/entry.nhn?docId=1226027&cid=40942&categoryId=31614
  14. Erikson, E. H. (1982). The life cycle completed: A review. NY: Norton.
  15. So, E. K. (2004). A study on the meaning of the fandom in the cultural communication: Focusing on the consumption of the Yoon, Jong shin's fanclub. Master's thesis, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea.
  16. Kroger, J. (1996) Identity in adolescence: the balance between self and other. London: Routledge.
  17. Kim, I. K., & Kwak, K. J. (1998). The attitude of Korean adolescents on rock'n roll. Korean Journal of Psychological and Social Issues, 4(1), 15-28.
  18. Kim, P. H. (2013, March 11). Multifariousness of celebrity Jogongdegenerated love on celebrity. Sports Chosun. Retrieved August 7, 2013, from http://sports.chosun.com/news/ntype.htm?id=201303120100064840005543&servicedate=20130311
  19. Kim, S. S. (2012). The Effect of Adolescent Fandom Activities on the Satisfaction on Life. Korean Child and Adolescent Panel Research Symposium Document, 271-283.
  20. Lee, J. A. (1973). Colors of love. Toronto: New Press.
  21. Lee, S. M. (2001). A comparative study on adolescent ego-identity : focused on Korean and Brazilian. Master's thesis, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
  22. Adams-Price, C., & Greene, A. L. (1990). Secondary attachments and adolescent self-concept. Sex Roles, 22, 187-198. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00288191
  23. Aron, A., & Westbay, L. (1996). Dimensions of the prototype of love. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 535-551. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.70.3.535
  24. Booth, P. B.. & Jernberg, A. M. (2009). Theraplay: Helping parents and children build better relationships through attachment-based play. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
  25. Brown, B. B. (1990). Peer group and peer cultures. In Feldman, S. S. and Elliott, G. R. (Eds.). At the threshold: The developing adolescent. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  26. Brown, E. F., & Hendee, W. R. (1989). Adolescents and their music: Insight into the health of adolescents. Journal of American Medical Association, 262, 1659-1663. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1989.03430120113032
  27. Joo, H. D., & Park, S. N. (2006). Blood types, love styles, and love attitudes. The Korean Journal of Social and Personality Psychology, 20(3), 67-80.
  28. Hong, M. G. (2003). A study on the relationship of star-chasing trend to ego-identity among adolescents. Master's thesis, Inha University, Incheon, Korea.
  29. Horton, D., & Wohl, R. (1956). Mass communication and para-social interaction: observations on intimacy at a distance. Psychiatry, 19, 215-229. https://doi.org/10.1080/00332747.1956.11023049
  30. Hwang, I. C. (2004). A Study on formation process of loyalty toward an on-line club. Master's thesis, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
  31. Kaplan, H. B. (1980). Deviant behavior in defense of self. NY: Academic Press.
  32. Karnio, R. (2001). Adolescent females' idolization of male media stars as a transition into sexuality. Sex Role, 44, 61-77. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1011037900554
  33. Kim, H. J., Lim, Y. S., & Oah, S. J. (2000). Relationship between cause for juvenile idolization and school life. Family & Culture, 12(1), 31-52.
  34. Seo, B. Y. (1988). Process of identity. In. Lee, Choon-Jae (Eds.). Psychology of adolescence. Seoul: Jungang Jucksung Press.
  35. Raviv, A., Bar-Tal, D., & Ben-Horin, A. (1996). Adolescent idolization of pop singers: causes, expression, and reliance. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 25, 631-650. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01537358
  36. Ryu, Y. J. (2002). A study on the relationship of popular star idolization to ego-identity of the adolescents. Master's thesis, Inha University, Incheon, Korea.
  37. Schultze, Q. J., Anker, R. M., Bratt, J. D., Romanowski, W. D., Worst, J. W., & Zuidervaart, L. (1991). Dancing in the dark: Youth, popular culture, and the electronic media. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans.
  38. Fricker, J. C., & Moore, S. (2002). Relationship satisfaction: The role of love styles and attachment styles. Current Research in Social Psychology, 7, 182-204.
  39. Greene, A. L., & Adams-Price, C. (1990). Adolescents' secondary attachments to celebrity figures. Sex Roles, 23, 335-347. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00289224
  40. Ha, J. G. (2010, March 10). Distorted idol fandom in our age. Sisa Journal. Retrieved July 10, 2013, from http://www.sisapress.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=51501
  41. Hahm, J. S., & Lee, J. H. (2010). The effects of personality and loving styles on sexual jealousy in sex differences. The Korean Journal of Social and Personality Psychology, 24(3), 109-123.
  42. Hendrick, C., & Hendrick, S. (1986). A theory and method of love. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50(2), 392-402. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.50.2.392
  43. Hendrick, C., & Hendrick, S. (1987). Love and sexual attitudes, selfdisclosure, and sensation seeking. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 4, 281-297. https://doi.org/10.1177/026540758700400303
  44. Maltby, J., & Day, L. (2011). Celebrity worship and incidence of elective cosmetic surgery: evidence of a link among adults. Journal of Adolescent Health 49, 483-489. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.12.014
  45. Lim, H. Y, & Gu, G. I. (2013, July 6). Fandom - sky of stars. Donga Ilbo. Retrieved July 11, 2013. from http://news.donga.com/3/all/20130706/56315595/1
  46. Lim, Y. S. (2002). Adolescent idolization of public stars and psychosocial adjustment. Korean Journal of Youth Studies, 9(2), 57-78.
  47. Maeng, Y. I., Seo, J. A., & Kim, M. (2002). A study of the acceptance of adolescents and celebrities. Seoul: Korea Institute for Youth Development.
  48. McCutcheon, L. E., & Griffith, J. D., Aruguete, M. S., & Haight E.(2012). Cognitive ability and celebrity worship revisited. North American Journal of Psychology, 14, 383-392.
  49. Morrow, G. D., Clark, E. M., & Brock, K. F. (1995). Individual and partner love styles: implicationsfor the quality of romantic involvements. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 12, 363-387. https://doi.org/10.1177/0265407595123003
  50. National Youth Commission (2006). 2020 A study on the future of society and adolescents: Department of culture and leisure. Government Youth Commission.
  51. Niu, H., & Wang. Y, (2009). Work experience effect on idolatry and the impulsive buying tendencies of adolescents. Adolescence, 44 (173), 233-243.
  52. Noh, E. J., Park, J. Y., & Kim, Y. H. (2006). The relationship among adult attachment types, love styles and dating of single people. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 44(12), 31-42.
  53. Park, B. S., & Kim, Y. H. (2010). The infl uence of family-of-origin differentiation on marital intimacy: Mediating effects of identity and attitudes toward children. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 48(9), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.6115/khea.2010.48.9.001
  54. Park, E. K. (2003). Stardom and fandom. Seoul: Hanul books.