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Review of Environmental Health Research through Crowdsourcing

크라우드소싱(crowdsourcing)을 이용한 환경보건 연구 방법의 고찰

  • Lee, Boram (Department of Environmental Health and Institute of Health and Environment, Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lee, Kiyoung (Department of Environmental Health and Institute of Health and Environment, Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University)
  • 이보람 (서울대학교 보건대학원 환경보건학과 및 보건환경연구소) ;
  • 이기영 (서울대학교 보건대학원 환경보건학과 및 보건환경연구소)
  • Received : 2014.03.26
  • Accepted : 2014.05.21
  • Published : 2014.06.30

Abstract

Background: The development of technology can be beneficial for the life and health of human society. Crowdsourcing refers to drawing upon a large pool of individuals in order to seek services, ideas, or other contributions. With the development of information communication technology, crowdsourcing is able to provide powerful results in environmental health research. Methods: We searched 'crowdsourcing' and 'citizen science' for keywords related to the environmental health field and only selected journal articles and conference proceedings material, such as research reports and WHO reports. Results: This paper reviewed environmental health research using crowdsourcing. Examples of such research based on crowdsourcing included practices in environmental disasters, noise monitoring, global positioning system (GPS) technology, smart phones, attached portable devices and information delivery by web. Crowdsourcing methods can provide notably distinct approaches for future environmental health research. However, it is also important to protect personal information whenever crowdsourcing is applied to data generation and information dissemination. Conclusion: We expect that this review may provide useful information for the development of new environmental health research methods using crowdsourcing and citizen science.

Keywords

Citizen science;Crowdsourcing;Environmental health;mHealth;Smart phone

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 보건복지가족부

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