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Responses of nutrient uptake, carbohydrates and antioxidants against low temperature in plants

저온에 대한 식물의 양분흡수, 탄수화물 및 항산화 반응 특성

  • Lee, Suyeon (National Academy of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Jung, Jungah (National Academy of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Sung, Jwakyung (National Academy of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Ha, Sangkeun (National Academy of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Lee, Deogbae (National Academy of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Taewan (Department of Plant Life and Environmental Science, Hankyong National University) ;
  • Song, Beomheon (Department of Crop Science, Chungbuk National University)
  • Received : 2014.06.23
  • Accepted : 2014.06.27
  • Published : 2014.06.30

Abstract

Recently, a quick drop of air temperature in plastic film houses by adverse weather conditions leads to the occurrence of low temperature damages to growing crops. Chilling injury, defined as a variety of growth restriction occurring below the optimal temperature, is one of environmental factors strongly affecting crop growth and yield. Low temperature causes the restricted evapotranspiration, reduced mineral uptake (P > K > $NO_3{^-}$), and an increase in electrolyte leakage such as K. Despite being different with plant species, an accumulation of soluble carbohydrates such as glucose, fructose, sucrose and starch under chilling condition is well known. A variety of environmental stresses are known to cause oxidative damage to plants either directly or indirectly by triggering an increased level of production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and, to combat the oxidative damage, plants have the antioxidant defense systems comprising of enzymes, SOD, POD, CAT, GPX and APX, and non-enzymes, ascorbate, gluthathione, ${\alpha}$-tocopherol, phenolic compounds, carotenoid and flavonoids. The aim of this review is to provide basic information to build chilling-indicators and optimal nutrition management under adverse temperature conditions as broadly considering mineral uptake, carbohydrate metabolism and antioxidative defense system.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 온도변화에 따른 작물영양관리 기술개발

Supported by : 국립농업과학원

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