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Biofuel production from macroalgae toward bio-based economy

바이오 기반 경제를 위한 해조류 유래 바이오 연료 생산

Lim, Hyun Gyu;Kwak, Donghun;Jung, Gyoo Yeol
임현규;곽동훈;정규열

  • Received : 2014.07.02
  • Accepted : 2014.07.08
  • Published : 2014.06.30

Abstract

Macroalgae has been strongly touted as an alternative biomass for biofuel production due to its higher photosynthetic efficiency, carbon fixation rate, and growth rate compared to conventional cellulosic plants. However, its unique carbohydrate composition and structure limits the utilization efficiency by conventional microorganisms, resulting in reduced growth rates and lower productivity. Nevertheless, recent studies have shown that it is possible to enable microorganisms to utilize various sugars from seaweeds and to produce some energy chemicals such as methane, ethanol, etc. This paper introduces the basic information on macroalgae and the overall conversion process from harvest to production of biofuels. Especially, we will review the successful efforts on microbial engineering through metabolic engineering and synthetic biology to utilize carbon sources from red and brown seaweed.

Keywords

Macroalgae;Seaweed;Biofuel;Metabolic engineering;Synthetic biology

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : 해양바이오산업신소재연구단