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Clay-based Management for Removal of Harmful Red Tides in Korea: A Multi-perspective Approach

Choi, Moon-Hee;Lee, Soon Chang;Oh, You-Kwan;Lee, Hyun Uk;Lee, Young-Chul

  • Received : 2014.07.07
  • Accepted : 2014.07.22
  • Published : 2014.06.30

Abstract

Periodically, harmful algal blooms (HABs) have occurred, with impacts on various areas including public health, tourism, and aquatic ecosystems, especially aquacultured and caged fisheries. To prevent or manage invasions of HABs into fish farms on an emergency basis, many methods have been proposed. Frequently over the past 30 years in coastal countries, treatments of clay and clay mixed with polyaluminum chloride (PAC) and chitosan have been tested for HAB-removal effectiveness in both the laboratory and the field. In Korea, yellow loess clay (hwangto) has been dispersed using electrolytic clay dispensers, both to decrease the amount of yellow loess clay's usage in containers and enhance HAB-removal efficiency. However, this emergency method has limitations, among which is the requirement for more effective controlling agents for field applications. Thus, in this paper, we review technologies for clay-based red tides prevention and control and their limitations, and, further, introduce next-generation algicidal technologies for the emergency protection of fish farms.

Keywords

Clay;Red tide;Management;Algicide;Fish farm

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