The Proportion System of Yangjindang

양진당(養眞堂)의 비례체계

  • Jang, Sun-Joo
  • 장선주
  • Received : 2014.01.02
  • Accepted : 2014.02.14
  • Published : 2014.03.25


The first purpose of this research is to understand the proportion systems in the plan, walls, and elevations of Yangjindang, and moreover, through the understanding of the proportion system, finding the elements having an effect on the system is another purpose of the research. As the results of research, first, the proportion of the plan outline of the anchae in Yangjindang is 3:3 and the plan outline of the whole of Yangjindang and anmadang is 3:4. Also the major rooms has the proportion system in aesthetic number such as 3:3, 3:4, 3:5, 2:3, 3:5 and so on. Second, It was found that the column space and height of 18-kan walls surrounding the anmagang have the proportion system of 3:3, 4:5, 3:4, and the 17-kan walls surrounding the sarangmadang have 3:3, 4:5, 2:3 and so on. As the third result, the parts of the elevation have also several proportion systems such as the proportions between column space and the height from the top of the base to the bottom of the eaves are 3:3, 4:5, 3:4, 2:3, and between the height from the top of the base to the bottom of the eaves and the height of gable roof are 5:3, 3:2, and between the height from the top of the base to the bottom of the eaves and the height of half-hipped roof are 3:3, 4:5, 1:2. Based on these proportion systems, the front facade and left and right elevation were applied in zoning and functional aspects by controlling the gap of ground level with the height of basement and column and adjusting the height of the roofs in the anchae zone and the sarangchae zone. However, the backside, which is the main living place for house owner, was applied by same proportion systems without dividing between anchae and sarangchae zone. Also, it was comprehended that there was some intention of shape which makes the difference in the elevations like horizontality and verticality, as controlling the proportion systems in some parts even though the whole heights of anchae and sarangchae are same. As above-mentioned, this research has a purpose to understand that Yangjindang has various proportion systems in aesthetic number and there is a tendency that the proportions are not over the ratio from 3:3 to 3:5 in its plan outline, between column space and height, and between column space and height from the top of the base to the bottom of the eaves. In addition to that, there is another meaning which is to find that the proportion systems are influenced by various other elements such as ground level, zoning and functional differentiation, aesthetic aspects and so on.


Yangjindang;Proportion System


  1. 장선주, 조선시대 상류주택에 있어서 間의 구축적 특성, 충북대 박사학위논문, 2003
  2. FRANCIS D.K.CHING, 황연숙 역, 건축의 형태공간.규범, 도서출판국제, 1997
  3. 장석하, 김일진, 한국전통건축의 비례체계에 관한 연구, 대한건축학회논문집, 8권 6호, 1992.6
  4. 문화재청, 양진당 실측조사보고서, 2000
  5. 정인국, 한국건축양식론, 일지사, 1997