산업폐수에 대한 이화학적 분석과 물벼룩 생태독성의 비교

DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

이선희;이학성
Lee, Sun Hee;Lee, Hak Sung

  • 투고 : 2014.01.06
  • 심사 : 2014.06.09
  • 발행 : 2014.07.31

초록

Ecotoxicity assessments with the physiochemical water quality items and the bioassay test using Daphnia magna were conducted for 18 selected effluents of 6 industrial types (metal processing, petroleum refining, synthetic textile manufacturing, plating, alcohol beverage manufacturing, inorganic compound manufacturing) being detected toxicity from industrial effluent in Ulsan city, and the interrelationship between total toxic unit (${\Sigma}TU$) and concentrations of Water Quality Conservation Act in Korea were investigated. The average toxic unit(TU) of effluents for 6 industrial types displayed the following ascending order: petroleum refining (0.2) < synthetic textile manufacturing (0.6) < alcohol beverage manufacturing (0.9) < metal processing (1.3) ${\leq}$ inorganic compound manufacturing (1.3) < plating (3.0). These values were less than effluent permission standard. Based on the result of substances causing ecotoxicity, the correlation analysis was not easy because most of heavy metals were not detected or were less than effluent permission standard. Toxicological assessment of industrial effluent was suitable for the evaluation of the mixture toxicity for pollutant. The whole effluent toxicity test using a variety of species was needed for the evaluation of industrial wastewater.

키워드

WET(whole effluent toxicity);Daphnia magna;Toxic unit(TU);Industrial effluent

참고문헌

  1. Anderson B. G., 1944, The toxicity thresholds of various substances found in industrial wastes as determined by the use of D. magna, Sewage Works Journal, 16(6), 1156-1165.
  2. Buikema, A. L, Lee D. R., Cairns J., 1976, A screening bioassay using Daphnia pulex for refinery wastes discharged into freshwater, J. of Testing and Evaluation, 4(2), 119-125. https://doi.org/10.1520/JTE10185J
  3. Grothe, D. R., Dickson, K. L., 1996, Whole effluent toxicity testing; an evaluation of methods and prediction of receiving system impacts, SETAC Press, Florida, USA 9-346.
  4. Jung J. W., 2001, Acute and chronic toxicity of heavy metals to Daphnia magna, J. Environ. Sci. Intl., 10(4), 293-298.
  5. Kim S. H., 2006, Bioassay of industrial effluent using the water flea (Daphnia magna) and bioluminescent bacteria (Vibrio fischeri), Ph. D. Dissertation, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.
  6. Lee S. J., 2008, Study on toxicity identification evaluation in industrial wastewater using D. magna, Master Dissertation, Seoul, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Korea.
  7. Kim S. Y., Yoon N. N., Ji H. S., Han S. M., Kwon D. M and Lee K. S., 2010, Characteristics of Ecotoxicity in industrial effluent using Daphnia magna, The Annual Report of Busan Metropolitan City Institute of Health & Environment 20(1), 131-142.
  8. Korea Environment Corporation, 2011, https://www.biowet.or.kr/iwt/ko/test/EgovTestRe ference.do.
  9. Korea Ministry of Environment, 2011, Ecotoxicological management manual, 13-136, Seoul, Korea.
  10. Ra J. S., 2004, Whole effluent toxicity (WET) test of discharging water and wastewater treatment plant using Daphnia magna and Selenastrum capricornutum, J. of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, 26, 1326-1333.
  11. US Environmental Protection Agency, 2006, http://www.epa.gov/eerd/stat2.htm.
  12. Wong, P. T. S., 1995, Bioassessment of water quality, Environ. Toxicity & Water Quality, 10, 9-17. https://doi.org/10.1002/tox.2530100103

피인용 문헌

  1. 1. A Study on the Dust Control Effect of PM10 Dust Inhibitor by Polysaccharides and its Effect on Water Quality and Soil Environment vol.39, pp.2, 2017, doi:10.5322/JESI.2014.23.7.1269