Growth Response on the Euonymus fortunei 'Emelad' n 'Gold' as affected by Artificial Plantings Soil Properties during Dry Spring Season

봄철 건조기 용기형 벽면녹화에서 식재지반 조성에 따른 황금줄사철의 적응성

Ju, Jin-Hee;Kim, Hea-Ran;Park, Heon;Yoon, Yong-Han

  • Received : 2014.01.14
  • Accepted : 2014.06.23
  • Published : 2014.07.31


For evaluating the effect of various artificial planting soil properties on the Euonymus fortunei 'Emelad'n Gold' growth, a container green wall system experiment was conducted in a wall of greenhouse at Konkuk University, Glocal campus. The experimental artificial planting grounds were prepared with different organic soil conditioner ratios (Control, $A_4O_1$, $A_2O_1$ and $A_1O_1$) and with drought tolerance and an ornamental value Euonymus fortunei 'Emelad'n Gold' was planted. The soil and plant characteristics were investigated from April to Jun 2010. The volumetric soil moisture contents were significantly increasing order as the amount of organic soil conditioner level increased in order to $A_1O_1$ > $A_2O_1$ > $A_4O_1$ > Control. At 4 treatment, soil chemical properties were inversely related to organic soil container ratios increase. The differences of root collar caliper, number of branch, and survival rate between the organic soil conditioner ratio were not significantly affected by organic soil conditioner. But, plant height, internode length, leaf length and leaf width were significantly shorter on plants planted $A_1O_1$ than plants planted other treatments. Therefore, Euonymus fortunei 'Emelad'n Gold' had good growth response regardless of organic soil conditioner ratio and the plant is expected to be a highly valuable shrub for the green wall system if it should be considered in integration with stormwater retention or as a soil conditioner for increasing soil water contents in artificial planting soil.


Green building;Green technology convergence;Organic soil conditioner;Woody plants


  1. Byoun, J.G., 2007, Variety and property of organic soil conditioner using the landscape trees, Kor. Landscape Tree Soc., Landscape Trees, 101, 47-49.
  2. Chen, R. J., Kang, E., Ji, X., Yang, J., Wang, J., 2007, An hourly solar radiation model under actual weather and terrain conditions -a case study in Heihe river basin, Energy, 2, 1148-1157.
  3. Feng, L., Rusong, W., Juergen, P., Xusheng, L., 2005, Comprehensive concept planning of urban greening based on ecological principles: a case study in Beijing, China, Landscape and Urban Planning, 72, 325-336.
  4. Jung, M.C., 1996, Heavy metal contamination of soils and plants in the vicinity of a lead-zinc mine, Korea. Applied Geochemistry, 11, 53-59.
  5. Ju, J.H., Lee, S.Y., Yoon, Y.H., 2013, Effect of organic soil conditioner ratio on the soil moisture content and growth of Cotoneater horizontalis in the container type for wall-planting under non-irrigation, Journal of the Environmental Sciences, 22(1), 17-23.
  6. Ju, J.H., Kim, H.R., Yoon, Y.H., 2011, Effect of organic fertilizer ratios on the growth of Spiraea ${\times}$ bumalda 'Gold Mound' in the container green wall systems with rainwater utilization, Journal of the Environmental Sciences, 20(11), 1417-1423.
  7. Kleiber, T., Markiewicz, B., Niewiadomska, A., 2012, Organic substrate for intensive horticultural cultures: yield and nutrient status of plants, microbiological parameters of substrate, Pol. J. Environ. Stud., 21(5), 1261-1271.
  8. Kang, H.C., Kim, K.H., Huh, K.Y., 2005, Development of green retaining-wall system with native evergreen plants corresponding to the southern region, Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, 33(2), 32-47.
  9. Katia, P., Marc, O., Fraaij, A.L.A., Hass, E.M., Rossam, R., 2011, Vertical greening systems and the effect on air flow and temperature on the building envelope, Building and Environment, 46, 2287-2294.
  10. Kim, N.C., Han, S.H., Kang, J H., 2003, A study on the growth of plants with vegetation block(green stone), J. Korean Env. Res. & Reveg. Tech, 6(2), 57-70.
  11. Lee, E.H., Kim, Y.A., 2000, A survey on the residents' perception and the state of facade greenery of residential buildings in metropolitan, Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, 28(1), 181-190.
  12. Lee, S.M., Sim, W.K., 1994. A study on the wall plants for the improvement of the urban environment: with special reference to seoul, Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Archietecture, 22(1), 1121-1134.
  13. Merwin, I.A., Stiles, W.C., 1994, Orchard groundcover management impact on apple tree growth and yield and nutrient available and uptake, J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci., 119, 209-215.
  14. Schell, M.L., Ulijaszek, S.J., 1999, Urbanism, Health and human biology in industrialized countries, Cambridge university press, Cambridge.
  15. The Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, 2013, Landscape Architecture Standard. Kimoondang, Seoul, 436pp.
  16. Yun, N.K., Jung, P.K., Se, J.H., Kim, S.K., In, S.R., 1996, Effects of compost application on soil loss and physico-chemical properties in lysimeters, Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert., 29(4), 336-341.
  17. Wang, Z.O., Wu, L.H., Liu, T.T., 2009, Revegetation of steep rocky slopes: planting climbing vegetation species in artificially drilled holes, Ecological Engineering, 35(7), 1079-1084.

Cited by

  1. Effect of Hydrophilic Polymer on Early Stages of Plant Growth of Euonymus fortunei 'Emerald and Gold' and Hedera japonica in a Vertical Greenery System for Low Maintenance vol.19, pp.3, 2016,