A Development of the CO2 Emission Estimation Model Based on Urban Form

도시형태 기반 이산화탄소 배출량 추정모델의 개발에 관한 연구

  • Received : 2013.08.01
  • Accepted : 2014.06.25
  • Published : 2014.07.30


This paper proposes, in the context of low-carbon urban form, a GIS-based quantitative model to estimate carbon emission amount primarily affected by the spatial configuration of street layouts and building masses. This microscopic model is composed of the two parts: carbon emission directly caused by horizontal vehicular movements between buildings and that which is transformed from electricity consumption by vertical elevator movements within buildings. The performativity of the model is then examined through the simulation with New Town Projects in Seoul, with a special attention to their local height and grid intensification conditions. Taking carbon emission amount as a single currency, we aim through this study to idenfify the structural effects of urban form on carbon emission thus to make comparative morphological studies possible in our continuing efforts to reduce the amount of carbon emission in cities.


Carbon Emission;Urban Form;Spatial Configuration;Vehicular Trip;Elevator


  1. 이상수, 김영욱, 탄소저감형 도시 구현을 위한 가로망의 이동성 평가지표 개발에 관한 연구, 대한건축학회논문집 계획계, v.29, n.5, 2013
  2. 국토해양부, 국가 교통부문 온실가스 배출량 보고서, 2010
  3. 교통안전공단, 2010년도 자동차 주행거리 실태분석 연구 2010
  4. 양희진, 최막중, 압축도시의 탄소증감 효과에 관한 건물.교통.녹지 통합 모형, 대한국토.도시계획학회지, v.46, n.3, 2011
  5. 이상현, 도시기본계획 단계에서 활용가능한 탄소배출 저감을 위한 공간배치 시뮬레이터 개발: 토지이용계획도와 교통계획도를 이용한 이동거리 발생량 추정을 중심으로, 한국산한기술학회지논문지, v.12, n.11, 2011
  6. Hillier, B., Centrality as a process: accounting for attaraction inequalities in deformed grids, Urban Design International, v4, n3, 107-127, 1999
  7. Rickaby, P. A. Six settlement patterns compared, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, v.14, n.2, 1987
  8. Hillier, B., Spatial sustainability in cities: organic patterns and sustainable forms, Proceedings of 7th International Space Syntax Symposium, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden, 2009
  9. Park, H., Kim, M.H., Kim, Y.O., Beyond compact city: a spatial configuration model for carbon emission reduction, Proceedings of 9th International Space Syntax Symposium, Sejong University, Seoul, Korea, 2013
  10. Ratti, C., Baker, N., Steemers, K. Energy consumption and urban texture, Energy and Buildings, v.37, n.7, 2005
  11. Sevtsuk, A., Mekonnen, M. Urban network analysis toolbox International Journal of Geomatics and Spatial Analysis, v.22, n.2, 2012
  12. 한국승강기안전기술원 (
  13. 에너지관리공단 (


Supported by : 국토교통부