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The Study on the Microbiological Limitation Standards Setting of Handmade Rice-cake by Steam Processing

수작업떡류의 증자공정에 의한 미생물학적 한계기준 설정에 관한 연구

  • Lee, Ung-Soo (Department of Food Science and Technology, Korea National University of Transportation) ;
  • Kwon, Sang-Chul (Department of Food Science and Technology, Korea National University of Transportation)
  • 이웅수 (한국교통대학교 식품공학과) ;
  • 권상철 (한국교통대학교 식품공학과)
  • Received : 2014.03.25
  • Accepted : 2014.07.10
  • Published : 2014.07.31

Abstract

The HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point) system was applied to Handmade Rice Cakes. The main ingredients of rice cakes, work facilities and workers were provided from the KB company located in Seogye-dong Yongsan-gu, Seoul between September 12, 2012 and February 13, 2013. The manufacturing process chart was prepared by referring to the manufacturing process of rice cake manufacturers in general. Microbiological hazard analysis of the raw materials and after the steaming process of rice-cakes showed a safe result. On the other hand, the microorganism test on the manufacturing environment and workers suggested that the microbiological hazard can be reduced through systematic cleaning and disinfection, accompanied by improved personal hygiene based on hygienic education for workers on the management of microorganisms in the working area.

본 연구는 수작업 떡류의 HACCP(Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point)시스템 적용을 위한 목적으로 하였다. 본 실험에 사용된 시료는 떡의 주원료, 작업장 시설, 도구와 작업자는, 2012년 9월 12일~2013년 2월 13일까지 서울시 용산구 서계동 소재에 있는 KB 업체에서 제공받았다. 제조공정도는 일반적인 떡류 제조업체의 제조공정을 참고로 작성하였다. 제조 공정도는 원료 농산물(맵쌀, 찹쌀, 잣 등), 부재료(분말원료), 용수와 포장재료의 입고, 보관, 정선 및 계량, 세척, 불림, 탈수, 분쇄, 주재료 혼합, 익반죽, 수작업 성형, 증자, 냉각, 절단, 내포장, 금속검출, 외포장, 보관 및 출하공정으로 작성하였다. 원료 농산물의 미생물학적 위해요소 분석결과는 Table 1과 같다. 본 연구결과 증자공정 후의 떡과 원재료의 미생물검사 결과는 안전한 것으로 보인다. 하지만, 체계적인 세척 및 소독을 실시하여 미생물학적 위해를 감소시키고 작업자 위생교육 등을 통하여 개인위생개념 향상과 작업장의 미생물 관리가 함께 이루어져야 할 것으로 여겨진다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국교통대학교

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