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Relationship between Emotional Labor, Job Stress and Eating Attitudes among Clinical Nurses

임상간호사의 감정노동, 직무스트레스와 섭식태도와의 관련성

  • Im, Sun-Im (Department of Health Science, Graduate School of Chosun University) ;
  • Cho, Eun-A (Department of Nursing, Honam University)
  • 임순임 (조선대학교대학원 보건학과) ;
  • 조은아 (호남대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2014.03.04
  • Accepted : 2014.07.10
  • Published : 2014.07.31

Abstract

This study examined the relationship between the emotional labor, job stress and eating attitudes among clinical nurses. The data was collected from 434 clinical nurses in G city, from February 21 to March 31, 2013 and analyzed using the SPSS 17.0 program. The mean levels of the clinical nurse's emotional labor, job stress and eating attitudes were 3.53, 3.81 and 2.27, respectively. The emotional labor showed a significant positive correlation between job stress (r= .570, p=<.001) and eating attitudes (r= .114, p<.05). In addition, the factors affecting the eating attitude were BMI (${\beta}$=262, p<.001), weight loss exercise (${\beta}$=.203, p<.001), internal medicine (${\beta}$=178, p<.001), surgery (${\beta}$ =.102, p=.043), and emotional labor (${\beta}$=106, p=0.49). These variables accounted for 16.8% of the variance in eating attitudes among clinical nurses. Therefore, working with differentiated departmental programs will be required to improve the eating attitudes and the BMI.

본 연구는 임상간호사의 감정노동, 직무 스트레스와 섭식태도의 정도를 파악하고 이들 간의 관련성을 파악하는 연구이다. 자료수집은 2013년 2월 21일부터 3월 31일까지이며 G시의 2개 대학병원의 간호사 434명을 대상으로 하였고 자료분석은 SPSS 17.0 프로그램을 이용하여 분석하였다. 임상간호사의 감정노동, 직무 스트레스와 섭식태도의 평균 평점은 3.53, 3.81 그리고 2.27 이었다. 감정노동은 직무스트레스((r= .570, p=<.001), 섭식태도(r= .114, p=.05)와 통계적으로 유의한 정의 상관관계가 있었다. 또한 섭식태도에 가장 큰 영향력을 미치는 요인으로는 BMI(${\beta}$=262, p<.001), 체중감량 운동을 하는 경우(${\beta}$=.203, p<.001)였으며 그다음은 특수부서 대비 내과계 병동(${\beta}$=178, p<.001), 외과계 병동(${\beta}$=.102, p=.043), 감정노동(${\beta}$=106, p=0.49)이었으며, 이 변수는 섭식태도를 16.8% 설명하였다. 따라서 섭식태도를 개선하기 위한 BMI별, 근무부서별 차별화된 관리와 프로그램이 필요할 것으로 사료된다.

Keywords

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