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Effects of Aspergillus Oryzae Culture and 2-Hydroxy-4-(Methylthio)-Butanoic Acid on In vitro Rumen Fermentation and Microbial Populations between Different Roughage Sources

  • Sun, H. (Institute of Dairy Science, College of Animal Sciences, Zhejiang University) ;
  • Wu, Y.M. (Institute of Dairy Science, College of Animal Sciences, Zhejiang University) ;
  • Wang, Y.M. (Novus International Research Center) ;
  • Liu, J.X. (Institute of Dairy Science, College of Animal Sciences, Zhejiang University) ;
  • Myung, K.H. (Department of Animal Science, Chonnam National University)
  • Received : 2013.11.22
  • Accepted : 2014.01.31
  • Published : 2014.09.01

Abstract

An in vitro experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of Aspergillus oryzae culture (AOC) and 2-hydroxy-4-(methylthio)-butanoic acid (HMB) on rumen fermentation and microbial populations between different roughage sources. Two roughage sources (Chinese wild rye [CWR] vs corn silage [CS]) were assigned in a $2{\times}3$ factorial arrangement with HMB (0 or 15 mg) and AOC (0, 3, or 6 mg). Gas production (GP), microbial protein (MCP) and total volatile fatty acid (VFA) were increased in response to addition of HMB and AOC (p<0.01) for the two roughages. The HMB and AOC showed inconsistent effects on ammonia-N with different substrates. For CWR, neither HMB nor AOC had significant effect on molar proportion of individual VFA. For CS, acetate was increased (p = 0.02) and butyrate was decreased (p<0.01) by adding HMB and AOC. Increase of propionate was only occurred with AOC (p<0.01). Populations of protozoa ($p{\leq}0.03$) and fungi ($p{\leq}0.02$) of CWR were differently influenced by HMB and AOC. Percentages of F. succinogenes, R. albus, and R. flavefaciens (p<0.01) increased when AOC was added to CWR. For CS, HMB decreased the protozoa population (p = 0.01) and increased the populations of F. succinogenes and R. albus ($p{\leq}0.03$). Populations of fungi, F. succinogenes (p = 0.02) and R. flavefacien (p = 0.03) were increased by adding AOC. The HMB${\times}$AOC interactions were noted in MCP, fungi and R. flavefacien for CWR and GP, ammonia-N, MCP, total VFA, propionate, acetate/propionate (A/P) and R. albus for CS. It is inferred that addition of HMB and AOC could influence rumen fermentation of forages by increasing the number of rumen microbes.

Keywords

Aspergillus Oryzae;2-Hydroxy-4-(Methylthio)-Butanoic Acid;Chinese Wild Rye;Corn Silage;In vitro Rumen Fermentation;Microbial Population

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Novus International Inc., the China Agriculture Research System

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