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Effects of Dietary Garlic Powder on Growth, Feed Utilization and Whole Body Composition Changes in Fingerling Sterlet Sturgeon, Acipenser ruthenus

  • Lee, Dong-Hoon (Gyeonggi Province Maritime and Fisheries Research Institute) ;
  • Lim, Seong-Ryul (Gyeonggi Province Maritime and Fisheries Research Institute) ;
  • Han, Jung-Jo (Gyeonggi Province Maritime and Fisheries Research Institute) ;
  • Lee, Sang-Woo (Gyeonggi Province Maritime and Fisheries Research Institute) ;
  • Ra, Chang-Six (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Jeong-Dae (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University)
  • Received : 2014.02.06
  • Accepted : 2014.05.28
  • Published : 2014.09.01

Abstract

A 12 week growth study was carried out to investigate the supplemental effects of dietary garlic powder (GP) on growth, feed utilization and whole body composition changes of fingerling sterlet sturgeon Acipenser ruthenus (averaging weight, 5.5 g). Following a 24-h fasting, 540 fish were randomly distributed to each of 18 tanks (30 fish/tank) under a semi-recirculation freshwater system. The GP of 0.5% (GP0.5), 1% (GP1), 1.5% (GP1.5), 2% (GP2) and 3% (GP3) was added to the control diet (GP0) containing 43% protein and 16% lipid. After the feeding trial, weight gain (WG) of fish fed GP1.5, GP2 and GP3 were significantly higher (p<0.05) than those of fish fed GP0, GP0.5 and GP1. Feed efficiency and specific growth rate (SGR) showed a similar trend to WG. Protein efficiency ratio of fish fed GP1.5, GP2, and GP3 were significantly higher (p<0.05) than those of fish groups fed the other diets. A significant difference (p<0.05) was found in whole body composition (moisture, crude protein, crude lipid, ash, and fiber) of fish at the end of the experiment. Significantly higher (p<0.05) protein and lipid retention efficiencies (PRE and LRE) were also found in GP1.5, GP2, and GP3 groups. Broken-line regression model analysis and second order polynomial regression model analysis relation on the basis of SGR and WG indicated that the dietary optimal GP level could be greater than 1.77% and 1.79%, but less than 2.95% and 3.18% in fingerling sterlet sturgeon. The present study suggested that dietary GP for fingerling sterlet sturgeon could positively affect growth performance and protein retention.

Keywords

Acipenser ruthenus;Garlic Powder;Protein Retention;Weight Gain;Feed Efficiency;Body Composition

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