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으름 열매 식초의 품질특성 및 항산화 활성

이은경;권우영;이지원;윤진아;정강현;송병춘;안정희
Lee, Eun-Kyoung;Kwon, Woo-Young;Lee, Ji-Won;Yoon, Jin-A;Chung, Kang-Hyun;Song, Byeong Chun;An, Jeung Hee

  • 투고 : 2014.03.13
  • 심사 : 2014.05.15
  • 발행 : 2014.08.31

초록

본 연구에서는 으름 열매를 각각 0, 1, 3, 5 및 7%를 첨가하여 2단계 발효한 으름 열매 식초의 발효 중 이화학적 특성과 항산화 활성에 대하여 조사하였다. 식초의 이화학적 특성은 pH, 총산, 알코올, 총당, 아미노산으로 평가하였고, 항산화 활성은 $ABTS^{{\cdot}+}$ 라디칼 소거능, SOD 유사활성능, 환원력으로 평가하였다. 알코올 발효 중 총산과 알코올 함량은 증가하였고 총당 함량은 감소하였다. 초산 발효에서는 총산 함량이 유의적으로 증가하였다. 관능검사 평가에서는 으름 열매 7% 첨가군에서 종합적 기호도가 가장 높게 나타났다. 발효 1일째보다 발효 13일째에 대조군과 으름 열매 첨가 1%에서는 총 폴리페놀 함량에 유의적 차이가 없었으나 으름 열매첨가군 3, 5, 7%에서 총 폴리페놀 함량이 각각 136.6, 381.59, 415.35 mg/100 g으로 유의적으로 증가됨을 볼 수 있었다. 총 플라보노이드 함량은 발효 1일째보다 발효 13일째에 대조군이 21.73 mg/100 g, 으름 열매 첨가군 1, 3, 5, 7%에서 각각 15.79, 15.15, 26.19, 26.87 mg/100 g으로 발효가 진행됨에 따라 유의적으로 증가하였고 으름 열매 첨가량에 따라서도 유의적으로 증가되었다. 탄닌의 함량도 발효 1일째보다 발효 13일째에 대조군이 0.2042 mg/100 g, 으름 열매 첨가군 1, 3, 5, 7%에서 각각 0.2004, 0.1255, 0.1384, 0.1255 mg/100 g으로 유의적으로 증가됨을 보였다. $ABTS^{{\cdot}+}$ 라디칼 소거 활성은 발효 1일째보다 발효 13일째에 5 mg/mL 농도에서 대조군이 5.87%, 으름 열매 첨가군 1, 3, 5, 7%에서 각각 12.59, 25.63, 34.02, 35.25%로 라디칼 소거능이 증가하였고, SOD 유사활성능도 5 mg/mL 농도에서 발효 1일째보다 발효 13일째에 대조군이 8.22%, 으름열매 첨가군 1, 3, 5, 7%에서 각각 17.49, 16.86, 16.89, 15.68% 증가하였다. 환원력은 으름 열매 첨가군 7%에서 발효 1일째에 0.527, 발효 13일째에 1.539로 나타났다. 본 연구 결과에서 항산화 활성은 발효가 진행되는 동안 증가하였고 으름 열매 첨가량에 따라서도 증가하였다. 으름 열매 식초가 발효됨에 따라 $ABTS^{{\cdot}+}$ 라디칼 소거능, SOD 유사활성능, 환원력이 증가하였으며 이것은 높은 폴리페놀, 플라보노이드, 탄닌의 함량이 밀접하게 관여한 것으로 보인다. 그러므로 으름 열매의 높은 항산화 활성이 식초 및 기타 식품에서 기능성 소재로 이용될 것으로 보여준다.

키워드

Akebia quinata;vinegar;quality characteristics;antioxidant activities

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과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 농림수산식품기술기획평가원