Status, Distribution, Conservation and Use Value of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (MAPs) in Sagarmatha National Park, Nepal

Gaire, Damodar

  • Received : 2013.07.31
  • Accepted : 2014.01.08
  • Published : 2014.08.31


The study attempts to assess the status, distribution, conservation and use value of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant (MAPs) in the Sagarmatha National Park. Altogether 62 species of MAPs belonging to 47 genera and 33 families have been recorded in the study area. 10 species, belonging to 9 families are categorized as the potential species. Out of the these species, most potential in local but threatened species are Allium hypsistum Stearn, Cordyceps sinensis Sacc, Dactylorhiza hatagirea Soo, Nardostachys grandiflora DC, Aconitum orochryseum, Ephedra gerardiana Wall. Ex. Stapf, Swertia multicaulis D. Don, Picrorhiza scrophulariflora Penne, Rheum australe. D. Don, Malva verticillataL and Swertia pedicallata Benerji. By analysis of data using Simpson's diversity index (SI) and Shannon weaver function (H'), there was high diversity (more heterogeneous) MAPs species composition in the Manjo Gate to Large Dobhan. (0.98349). Less diversity (less heterogeneous) MAPs species composition was in Tyanboche to Pangoche (0.90419). Similarly, the Shannon weaver function shows that in plots laying out in Mongla to Phorche are evenly distributed than others However, higher MAPs species (i.e., 31) was found in the way of Manjo Gate to Larja Dobhan than others.


status;distribution;conservation;threatened species;domestication


  1. Ghimire SK. 2008. Sustainable Harvesting and Management of Medicinal Plants in the Nepal Himalaya: Current Issues, Knowledge Gaps and Research Priorities. Ecological Society of Nepal, pp 25-44.
  2. Hara HL, Williams HJ. 1979. An Enumeration of the Flowering Plants of Nepal. British museum (Natural history), London, U.K.
  3. Hara HL, Williams LHJ. 1978. An Enumeration of Flowering Plants of Nepal. London: Trustees of British museum (Natural history).
  4. Jefferies BE. 1982. Sagarmatha National Park: the impact of tourism in the Himalayas. 11: 274-281.
  5. Mishra HR. 1973. Conservation in Khumbu: The proposed Mt. Everest National Park, A Preliminary Report. Department of National Park and Wildlife Conservation, Kathmandu.
  6. Pielou EC. 1977. Mathematical ecology. Wley & Sons, Incorporated, John publication, New York.
  7. Schemnitz SD. 1980. Wildlife management techniques manual. Wildlife Society, Washington, D.C, pp 686.
  8. Shrestha TB, Joshi RM. 1996. Rare Plants; Endemic Plants; Endangered Plants; Nature Conservation and Identification. WWF Nepal Program, Kathmandu, pp 244.
  9. Stainton JDA. 1972. Forests of Nepal. John Murray, London, pp 174.
  10. UNESCCO. 2013. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization and World Heritage Convention (WHC).
  11. Wong JLG, Thornber K, Baker N. 2001. Resource assessment of non-wood forest products: Experience and Biometric Principles. food and Agriculture organization of the United Nations, Rome.
  12. Baral SR, Kurmi PP. 2006. A compendium of medicinal plants in Nepal. Rachana Sharma, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  13. Biodiversity Profile Project. 1995. Enumeration of the lichens of Nepal. Government of Nepal and Government of Netherlands, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  14. Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation. 2012. Annual Report. Kathmandu, Nepal.
  15. Dutta IC. 2007. Non Timber Forest Products in Nepal (Identification, classification, ethnic uses and cultivation), Hillside Press, Kathmandu, Nepal 1: pp 45-57
  16. Edwards DM. 1996. Non-timber forest products from Nepal: aspects of the trade in medicinal and aromatic plants. Forest Research and Survey Centre, Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation, Babar Mahal, Kathmandu, Nepal.