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Use of oriental melon peel extracts to maintain the quality of Agaricus bisporus during its storage

참외과피추출물을 적용한 양송이의 저장 중 품질 변화

  • Park, Hye Jin (Department of Food and Nutrition, Duksung Women's University) ;
  • Kim, Gun-Hee (Department of Food and Nutrition, Duksung Women's University)
  • 박혜진 (덕성여자대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 김건희 (덕성여자대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Received : 2014.02.03
  • Accepted : 2014.08.05
  • Published : 2014.08.30

Abstract

Changes in quality of mushroom during storage are severe problem that reduce the shelf life of harvested mushrooms. This study investigates the effect of oriental melon peel extracts on maintenance of the quality of mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus). Mushrooms were dipped in solutions (distilled water, DW; 0.1% oriental melon peel extract, OMP; 0.1% ascorbic acid, AA; and OMP+AA) for 3 minutes. After the dipped mushrooms were air-dried at room temperature, they were packaged in a polypropylene (PP) films and stored at $4^{\circ}C$ and $15^{\circ}C$. The changes in the quality of mushrooms were measured in terms of their color, gas composition, firmness, and sensory evaluation during storage at $4^{\circ}C$ and $15^{\circ}C$. The antioxidant and anti-browning activities of oriental melon peel extract were measured with respect to their total polyphenol contents, total flavonoid contents, DPPH, ABTS radical scavenging, copper chelating activity and PPO inhibition activity. The samples that were dipped in all the solutions did not show significant differences in firmness and gas exchange during their storage at $4^{\circ}C$ and $15^{\circ}C$. At both storage temperatures, the OMP solution samples showed highest L value and lowest delta E value. The sensory evaluation showed that during the storage period, the overall acceptability of mushrooms treated with the OMP and OMP+AA solutions was higher than that of the untreated mushrooms. The total polyphenol and flavonoid contents of oriental melon peel extract were $4.81mg\;GAE{\cdot}g^{-1}$ and $1.18mg\;QE{\cdot}g^{-1}$, respectively. The DPPH, ABTS radical scavenging activity, copper chelating activity and PPO inhibition activity of the oriental melon peel extract lower than ascorbic acid. All these results suggest that oriental melon peel extract can be used as a natural browning inhibitor.

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