- Volume 16 Issue 3
DOI QR Code
Regulating Natural Lighting and Ventilation of Residential Buildings in Hong Kong Policy Implications for High-rise, High-density Housing Environments in South Korea
Seo, Bokyong;Kim, Sung-Hwa;Lee, Jae-Hoon
- Received : 2014.02.04
- Accepted : 2014.07.31
- Published : 2014.09.30
This study discusses the features of the lighting and ventilation regulations for residential buildings in Hong Kong. Given the compact built environment and public concerns about the environmental quality of housing, various lighting and ventilation regulations have been enacted in Hong Kong. The application of building regulations on the micro scale and incentive systems on the macro scale are present, and the governments' calls for more active participation of the private sector and use of the building environmental assessment tools were also noted. Unlike South Korea, however, Hong Kong was found to adopt more performance-based standards, consider the external factors of the lighting and ventilation conditions together with the indoor elements, and provide specific design guidelines. Notwithstanding the different climatic conditions and socio-political contexts of Hong Kong and South Korea, these findings provide some policy implications for the South Korean government in its efforts to achieve a healthy environment for high-rise, high-density housing. It is suggested that the South Korean government adopt more on-site measurement methods to reflect the environmental conditions accurately and broaden the scope and scale of the implementation of the lighting and ventilation regulations with more specific, practical planning and design guidelines.
Lighting;Ventilation;Healthy Housing Environment;South Korea;Hong Kong
- Baik, H. & Kang, I. (2005) "An Analysis of the Adults' Health and Its Relation to Housing Environment in Super High-rise Apartment." Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea: Planning & Design, 21(2): 11-20.
- Chang, H. & Kim, H. (2012) "The Improvement of The Exterior Air Flow Environment in The Inner Curved Area of Tower Type Apartment." Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, 24(1): 61-69. https://doi.org/10.6110/KJACR.2012.24.1.061
- Cho, H. & Pang, S. (2012) "Prediction of Indoor Natural Ventilation Performance According to the Position of the Housing in High-Rise Apartment by CFD Simulation."Journal of Korean Society of Living Environment System, 19(6): 802-808.
- Hong Kong BEAM Society (2012) BEAM Plus: New Buildings Version 1.2. Hong Kong: BEAM Society.
- Hong Kong Buildings Department (2006) Comprehensive Environmental Performance Assessment Scheme for Buildings: Application Guidelines. Hong Kong: Buildings Department.
- Hong Kong Buildings Department (2010) APP 130. Hong Kong: Buildings Department.
- Hong Kong Buildings Department (2011) APP 152. Hong Kong: Buildings Department.
- Hong Kong Civil Engineering and Development Department and Planning Department (2007) Air Ventilation Assessment - CFD AVA Executive Summary. Hong Kong: Civil Engineering and Development Department and Planning Department. Retrieved from http://www.nentnda.gov.hk/doc/techreport/AVA_E.pdf.
- Hong Kong Government (2007) The 2007-08 Policy Address: A New Direction for Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Hong Kong Government.
- Hong Kong Housing Authority (2008) Executive Summary for Air Ventilation Assessment (AVA) - Initial Study. Hong Kong: Hong Kong Housing Authority.
- Hong Kong Housing Authority (2010) "Experience sharing on Green Public Housing Development in Hong Kong." Presented in the Conference on Green Buildings: Better Quality of Life, 11 June, Hong Kong.
- Hong Kong Housing Authority (2014) http://www.housingauthority.gov.hk
- Hong Kong Housing Department (2007) "A Case Study of Green Building Design Approach for a Sustainable Community." Presented in the Conference on Sustainable Building South East Asia, November 5-7, Malaysia.
- Hong Kong Legislative Council (2014) Panel on Development: Background Brief on the Proposed Kwu Tung North and Fanling North New Development Areas, 21 February 2014. Retrieved from http://www.legco.gov.hk/yr13-14/english/panels/dev/papers/dev0225cb1-925-7-e.pdf.
- Hong Kong Planning Department (2011) Hong Kong Planning Standards and Guidelines: Summary. Hong Kong: Planning Department.
- Hong Kong Planning Department (2014) North East New Territories New Development Areas Planning and Engineering Study - Investigation, Hong Kong: Planning Department, Retrieved from http://www.nentnda.gov.hk/eng/study.html.
- Jang, M. (2010) The Problems of Super High-rise Apartments, Radio Free Asia, June 10, Retreived from http://www.rfa.org/korean/weekly_program/environment/high_rise-06102010114908.html.
- Jeong, C., Kim, S., Kang, B. & Kim, J. (2005) "A Comparative Study on the Developing Trends and Characteristics of High-rise Housing at World Wide Cities." Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea: Planning & Design, 21(12): 193-200.
- Kim, G., Hwang, S. & Choi, J. (2008) "A Study on Comparing and Analyzing Indicators of Domestic and Foreign Green Building Certification Criteria on the Basis of Healthy Housing."Paper presented in 2008 The Korea Institute of Ecological Architecture and Environment Autumn Conference, The Korea Institute of Ecological Architecture and Environment.
- Kim, M. (2012) The Daylight and Ventilation Satisfaction depending on the Window Size and Layout Type on the Front and Back Sides of an Apartment and its Influences on Residents' Atopy Symptoms. Master Dissertation, Dankook University.
- Kim, M. & Kim, Y. (2007) "A Study on the Formal Relationship of Typical Floor and Dwelling Units of Mixed-Use High Rise Residential Buildings." Paper presented in The Architectural Institute of Korea Autumn Conference, The Architectural Institute of Korea, 27(1): 29-32.
- Kim, S. & Lee, J. (2005) "A Study on the Characteristics of the Super High-Rise Housing Complex in Hong Kong."Journal of the Korean Housing Association, 16(4): 37-44.
- Korean Ministry of Environment (2007) Survey Report on the Indoor Air Quality Assessment Scheme for New Residential Buildings. Sejong: Korean Ministry of Environment.
- Korean Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (2013a) Green Building Certification System Administration Noitce. Sejong: Korean Ministry of Land Transport and Maritime Affairs.
- Korean Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (2013b) National Land Planning and Utilization Act. Sejong: Korean Ministry of Land Transport and Infrastructure.
- Korean Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (2010) Clean and Healthy Housing Construction Standards Manual. Sejong: Korean Ministry of Land Transport and Maritime Affairs.
- Kwon, Y., Min, H. & Kim, T. (2005) Managing the Density of Residential Areas for Sustainable Urban Development. Seoul: Seoul Development Institute.
- Lee, M., Jung, J. & Choi, H. (2005) "A Basic Study on the Concept and Cases of Healthy Eco Dwelling."Journal of the Korea Institute of Rural Architecture, 7(3): 68-75.
- Lee, S. (2012) Instable Electric Power Supply Owing to the Early Heat. The Hankyoreh. Seoul, The Hankyoreh.
- Lee, S. & Lee, Y. (2008) "Health Friendly Housing Planning Elements Demanded by Consumers."Journal of the Korea Institute of Ecological Architecture and Environment, 8(6): 11-20.
- Lee, S., Li, W. & Ao, C. (2002) "Investigation of Indoor Air Quality at Residential Homes in Hong Kong - Case Study." Atmospheric Environment, 36: 225-237. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1352-2310(01)00435-6
- Ng, E. (2003) "Studies on Daylight Design and Regulation of High-density Residential Housing in Hong Kong." Lighting Research and Technology, 35(2): 127-139. https://doi.org/10.1191/1477153503li087oa
- Sohn, Y. (2012) The Study on the Symptom of Sick House Syndrome by Comparison of Apartment Housing Plans. Master Dissertation, Dankook University.
- Statistics Korea (2010) Population and Housing Census. Daejeon: Statistics Korea.
- Wong, K. (2010) Designing for High-density Living: High Rise, High Amenity and High Design. In E. Ng, Designing High-density Cities for Social and Environmental Sustainability. London: Earthscan.
- Zhang, X. (2000) High-rise and High-density Compact Urban Form: the Development of Hong Kong. In M. Jenks & R. Burgess, Compact Cities: Sustainable Urban Forms for Developing Countries. London, New York: Spon Press.
Supported by : Korea Research Foundation