Analyzing Nature of Science(NOS) included in elementary school science textbooks

초등학교 과학 교과서에 반영된 과학의 본성(Nature of Science, NOS) 분석 - 초등학교 3, 4, 5, 6학년 지구과학 분야를 중심으로 -

  • Received : 2014.10.16
  • Accepted : 2014.12.02
  • Published : 2014.12.17

Abstract

In 21st century, it is essential to understand Nature of Science (NOS) related to science educational curriculum. The study analyzed Earth Science components of third- through sixth-grade science textbooks in terms of incorporated NOS themes and their relative proportions. Modified analysis methods of Chiappetta et al. (1991) and Lee (2012) are devised and adapted. The results of analysis indicates that the current elementary school textbooks include and explain all the four themes of NOS, but do not include sub-areas of each theme of NOS in a balanced way. In addition, the themes of NOS in Earth Science are not treated equally among different grades. Such results warrant the efforts to include balanced themes of NOS into elementary school science textbooks with the ultimate goal of fully and properly comprehending NOS to the students.