The Relationship between Risk Taking, Impulsivity and Intolerance of Uncertainty

위험감수와 충동성 및 불확실성에 대한 인내력 부족의 관련성

  • Sohn, Sung Yun (Department of Psychiatry, Yonsei University College of Medicine) ;
  • Kang, Jee In (Department of Psychiatry, Yonsei University College of Medicine) ;
  • Namkoong, Kee (Department of Psychiatry, Yonsei University College of Medicine) ;
  • Kim, Se Joo (Department of Psychiatry, Yonsei University College of Medicine)
  • 손성연 (연세대학교 의과대학 정신건강의학교실) ;
  • 강지인 (연세대학교 의과대학 정신건강의학교실) ;
  • 남궁기 (연세대학교 의과대학 정신건강의학교실) ;
  • 김세주 (연세대학교 의과대학 정신건강의학교실)
  • Received : 2014.06.02
  • Accepted : 2014.06.30
  • Published : 2014.08.28

Abstract

Objectives Risk taking has been implicated in the development of various psychiatric disorders. Previous studies have indicated that risk taking behavior is associated with high levels of impulsiveness. Risk taking entail uncertain situation that outcome probability is unknown. This study tested impulsivity, intolerance of uncertainty and risk taking behavior. Methods A total of 73 participants completed a test battery comprised of the UPPS-P scale as a psychometric measurement of five dimensions of impulsivity, Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale, and Balloon Analog Risk Task (BART) as a behavioral measure of risk taking. The Pearson correlation analysis was used. Results The sensation seeking factor was positively correlated with BART measure (r = 0.27, p = 0.02). Specifically, the relationship between sensation seeking and BART was significant in females. Conclusions Among the five factors of UPPS-P, only the sensation seeking factor predicts risk taking propensity.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국과학재단

References

  1. Hunt MK, Hopko DR, Bare R, Lejuez CW, Robinson EV. Construct validity of the Balloon Analog Risk Task (BART): associations with psychopathy and impulsivity. Assessment 2005;12:416-428. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191105278740
  2. Charnigo R, Noar SM, Garnett C, Crosby R, Palmgreen P, Zimmerman RS. Sensation seeking and impulsivity: combined associations with risky sexual behavior in a large sample of young adults. J Sex Res 2013;50:480-488. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224499.2011.652264
  3. Aklin WM, Lejuez CW, Zvolensky MJ, Kahler CW, Gwadz M. Evaluation of behavioral measures of risk taking propensity with inner city adolescents. Behav Res Ther 2005;43:215-228. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2003.12.007
  4. Congdon E, Bato AA, Schonberg T, Mumford JA, Karlsgodt KH, Sabb FW, et al. Differences in neural activation as a function of risktaking task parameters. Front Neurosci 2013;7:173.
  5. Jonah BA. Sensation seeking and risky driving: a review and synthesis of the literature. Accid Anal Prev 1997;29:651-665. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0001-4575(97)00017-1
  6. Vigil-Colet A. Impulsivity and decision making in the balloon analogue risk-taking task. Pers Individ Dif 2007;43:37-45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2006.11.005
  7. Dalley JW, Everitt BJ, Robbins TW. Impulsivity, compulsivity, and top-down cognitive control. Neuron 2011;69:680-694. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2011.01.020
  8. Arce E, Santisteban C. Impulsivity: a review. Psicothema 2006;18: 213-220.
  9. Patton JH, Stanford MS, Barratt ES. Factor structure of the Barratt impulsiveness scale. J Clin Psychol 1995;51:768-774. https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-4679(199511)51:6<768::AID-JCLP2270510607>3.0.CO;2-1
  10. Whiteside SP, Lynam DR. The Five Factor Model and impulsivity: using a structural model of personality to understand impulsivity. Pers Individ Dif 2001;30:669-689. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00064-7
  11. Cyders MA, Smith GT, Spillane NS, Fischer S, Annus AM, Peterson C. Integration of impulsivity and positive mood to predict risky behavior: development and validation of a measure of positive urgency. Psychol Assess 2007;19:107-118. https://doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.19.1.107
  12. Birrell J, Meares K, Wilkinson A, Freeston M. Toward a definition of intolerance of uncertainty: a review of factor analytical studies of the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale. Clin Psychol Rev 2011;31:1198-1208. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2011.07.009
  13. McEvoy PM, Mahoney AE. To be sure, to be sure: intolerance of uncertainty mediates symptoms of various anxiety disorders and depression. Behav Ther 2012;43:533-545. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2011.02.007
  14. Essex BG, Lejuez CW, Qian RY, Bernstein K, Zald DH. The Balloon Analog Insurance Task (BAIT): a behavioral measure of protective risk management. PLoS One 2011;6:e21448. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0021448
  15. Lee S, Park SC. Neuroeconomics and psychiatry: application of quantitative methodology. J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc 2013;52:301-310. https://doi.org/10.4306/jknpa.2013.52.5.301
  16. Cyders MA. Impulsivity and the sexes: measurement and structural invariance of the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale. Assessment 2013;20:86-97. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191111428762
  17. Lim SY, Lee YH. A Korean validation of the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale in college students. Korean J Clin Psychol 2014;33:51-71. https://doi.org/10.15842/kjcp.2014.33.1.004
  18. Freeston MH, Rhéaume J, Letarte H, Dugas MJ, Ladouceur R. Why do people worry? Pers Individ Dif 1994;17:791-802. https://doi.org/10.1016/0191-8869(94)90048-5
  19. Drost J, Spinhoven P, Kruijt AW, Van der Does W. The influence of worry and avoidance on the Iowa Gambling Task. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 2014;45:74-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2013.08.001
  20. Carleton RN, Norton MA, Asmundson GJ. Fearing the unknown: a short version of the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale. J Anxiety Disord 2007;21:105-117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2006.03.014
  21. Lejuez CW, Read JP, Kahler CW, Richards JB, Ramsey SE, Stuart GL, et al. Evaluation of a behavioral measure of risk taking: the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART). J Exp Psychol Appl 2002;8:75-84. https://doi.org/10.1037/1076-898X.8.2.75
  22. Billieux J, Rochat L, Ceschi G, Carré A, Offerlin-Meyer I, Defeldre AC, et al. Validation of a short French version of the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale. Compr Psychiatry 2012;53:609-615. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2011.09.001
  23. Cándidoa A, Ordunaa E, Peralesa JC, Verdejo-Garciab A, Billieux J. Validation of a short Spanish version of the UPPS-P impulsive behaviour scale. Trastor Adict 2012;14:73-78. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1575-0973(12)70048-X
  24. Zuckerman M. The psychophysiology of sensation seeking. J Pers 1990;58:313-345. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1990.tb00918.x
  25. Norbury A, Manohar S, Rogers RD, Husain M. Dopamine modulates risk-taking as a function of baseline sensation-seeking trait. J Neurosci 2013;33:12982-12986. https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5587-12.2013
  26. Derringer J, Krueger RF, Dick DM, Saccone S, Grucza RA, Agrawal A, et al. Predicting sensation seeking from dopamine genes. A candidate- system approach. Psychol Sci 2010;21:1282-1290. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797610380699
  27. Mata R, Hau R, Papassotiropoulos A, Hertwig R. DAT1 polymorphism is associated with risk taking in the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART). PLoS One 2012;7:e39135. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039135
  28. Ladouceur R, Talbot F, Dugas MJ. Behavioral expressions of intolerance of uncertainty in worry. Experimental findings. Behav Modif 1997;21:355-371. https://doi.org/10.1177/01454455970213006