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Distribution Patterns of Organophosphorous Insecticide Chlorpyrifos Absorbed from Soil into Cucumber

토양에 잔류된 살충제 Chlorpyrifos의 오이 흡수이행 및 분포 양상

  • Hwang, Jeong-In (School of Applied Biosciences, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Jeon, Sang-Oh (School of Applied Biosciences, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Lee, Sang-Hyeob (School of Applied Biosciences, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Lee, Sung-Eun (School of Applied Biosciences, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Hur, Jang-Hyun (Department of Biological Environment, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Kwon-Rae (Department of Agronomy and Medicinal Plant Resources, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Kim, Jang-Eok (School of Applied Biosciences, Kyungpook National University)
  • 황정인 (경북대학교 응용생명과학부) ;
  • 전상오 (경북대학교 응용생명과학부) ;
  • 이상협 (경북대학교 응용생명과학부) ;
  • 이성은 (경북대학교 응용생명과학부) ;
  • 허장현 (강원대학교 바이오자원환경학과) ;
  • 김권래 (경남과학기술대학교 농학한약자원학부) ;
  • 김장억 (경북대학교 응용생명과학부)
  • Received : 2014.09.05
  • Accepted : 2014.09.25
  • Published : 2014.09.30

Abstract

The transfer pattern of chlorpyrifos present in soil to cucumber plants were assessed and reported with plant growth, concentration dependency, and duration. Cucumber seedlings cultivated in a growth chamber for 30 days and a greenhouse for 120 days. Weight and length of cucumbers cultivated in the chamber increased with the increasing time, while the uptake of chlorpyrifos by cucumber increased a period from 0 to 15 days and decreased after 15 days. Uptake rates of chlorpyrifos into a cucumber plant were 1.0~1.3% to initial amounts treated with 20 and 40 mg/kg to soil. Most chlorpyrifos residues were detected in root, followed by stem and leaf. Results of the greenhouse test showed that chlorpyrifos amounts in cucumber fruits were present less than LOQ (0.02 mg/kg), and chlorpyrifos was mainly found in the root of the cucumber plant. Chlorpyrifos absorbed in a cucumber under greenhouse condition was smaller than that in chamber condition as 0.03~0.04%. Degradation patterns of chlorpyrifos in soils were similar during indoor and outdoor tests with half-lives of 25.8~73.0 days. These results may be useful for establishing the management strategy of residual pesticides in soil environment.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 작물재배환경 중 중금속, 농약 등 유해물질 관리방안 연구

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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