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Control Efficacy of Bordeaux Mixture against Pepper Anthracnose

고추 탄저병에 대한 보르도액의 방제 효과

  • Park, Se-Jung (Department of Plant Medicine, College of Agriculture, Life and Environment Science, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Lee, Soo-Min (Department of Plant Medicine, College of Agriculture, Life and Environment Science, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Gwon, Hyeon-Wook (Department of Plant Medicine, College of Agriculture, Life and Environment Science, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Lee, Hotaek (Department of Plant Medicine, College of Agriculture, Life and Environment Science, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Kim, Heung Tae (Department of Plant Medicine, College of Agriculture, Life and Environment Science, Chungbuk National University)
  • 박세정 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과) ;
  • 이수민 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과) ;
  • 권현욱 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과) ;
  • 이호택 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과) ;
  • 김흥태 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과)
  • Received : 2014.06.20
  • Accepted : 2014.07.18
  • Published : 2014.09.30

Abstract

It was conducted to evaluate the control efficacy of Bordeaux mixture on pepper anthracnose in vitro and in vivo. The suppressive efficacy of Bordeaux mixture on mycelial growth and spore germination of Colletotrichum acutatum was investigated on PDA, cellophane membranes and pepper fruits, respectively. Furthermore, its control value was evaluated on detached pepper fruits inoculated with C. acutatum by wound and non-wound inoculation method, and in fields. The mycelial growth of C. acutatum JC24 was inhibited by 90.0% on PDA amended with $937{\mu}g\;mL^{-1}$ of Bordeaux mixture. While the spore germination of C. acutatum JC24 was inhibited perfectly on cellophane membranes treated at $187{\mu}g\;mL^{-1}$ of Bordeaux mixture, that on fruits inoculated with the pathogen by wound inoculation and non-wound inoculation method was inhibited by 88.1% and 91.3%, respectively. Although the control value on fruits treated with $937{\mu}g\;mL^{-1}$ of Bordeaux mixture was 17.6% in wound inoculation method, it was 58.8% in non-wound inoculation method. In fields, when Bordeaux mixture was sprayed five times at 14 day-intervals, it showed 55.7% and 61.7% of control value in 2012 and 2013, respectively. We think Bordeaux mixture was able to use as an eco-friendly organic farming material to control pepper anthracnose based on the above-mentioned results.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 종자수출 확대를 위한 해외 맞춤형 품종개발

Supported by : 농림수산부

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