Influence of Water Temperature, Background Color, and Light Intensity in Feeding, Growth and Blind-Side Hypermelanosis of Starry Flounder, Platichthys stellatus

강도다리, Platichthys stellatus의 먹이섭식, 성장 및 무안측 체색발현에 있어 수온, 수조색상 및 조도의 영향

  • Kang, Duk-Young (West Sea Fisheries Research Institute, National Fisheries Research Development Institute) ;
  • Kim, Won-Jin (Department Marine Bio-Materials & Aquaculture, Pukyoung National University) ;
  • Kim, Hyo-Chan (West Sea Fisheries Research Institute, National Fisheries Research Development Institute) ;
  • Chang, Young Jin (Department Marine Bio-Materials & Aquaculture, Pukyoung National University)
  • 강덕영 (국립수산과학원 서해수산연구소) ;
  • 김원진 (부경대학교 해양바이오신소재학과) ;
  • 김효찬 (국립수산과학원 서해수산연구소) ;
  • 장영진 (부경대학교 해양바이오신소재학과)
  • Received : 2014.06.06
  • Accepted : 2014.09.11
  • Published : 2014.09.30

Abstract

To find the influence of water temperature, tank color and illumination in feeding, growth and blind-side hypermelanosis of starry flounder, Platichthys stellatus, in the present study, we performed a series of temperature, background color and illumination intensity test for 180 days (From June to December). The test was done in duplicate at 100 fish/tank (430% of initial covering area [PCA]) with the selected ordinary juvenile flounder (TL $17.3{\pm}0.5cm$, BW $82.5{\pm}0.2g$). The rearing was performed in darkgreen FRP aquarium tanks ($H100cm{\times}L100cm{\times}W100cm$; bottom area $1m^2$) lighten with average 1,000 lux and 230 lux, and in white FRP aquarium tank ($H100cm{\times}L100cm{\times}W100cm$; bottom area $1m^2$) lighten with average 230 lux of light intensity. We investigated correlation of daily food intake (DFI) with water temperature and salinity, and compared the influences of background colors and light intensity in DFI, food efficiency (FE), growth, survival rate, and ratio of malpigmented blind-side area and ambicolored fish ratio. In DFI, although it was not related with salinity, the amount was significantly decreased under 0.5 g/fish/day in summer and winter season, but was significantly increased over 1.5 g/fish/day in autumn season showing from $10^{\circ}C$ to $20^{\circ}C$ in water temperature. In background and illumination test, DFI, FE and survival rate showed no difference among three groups. The ratios of malpigmented blind-side area and ambicolored fish were also not significantly different among three groups, indicating that the blind-side hypermelanosis of starry may be governed not by background color (or light intensity) but by a genetics external trait inherited from parents.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 강도다리 체색형질 개선연구

Supported by : 국립수산과학원

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