- Volume 52 Issue 5
DOI QR Code
Effects of Protective and Risk Factors on Juvenile Delinquency and Aggression
청소년의 보호 요인과 위험 요인이 비행과 공격성에 미치는 영향
- Cho, Yoon Joo (Department of Social Welfare, Sungshin Women's University)
- 조윤주 (성신여자대학교 사회복지학과)
- Received : 2014.02.27
- Accepted : 2014.05.08
- Published : 2014.10.30
The purpose of this study was to explore the general tendencies of major variables and sex differences and to analyze the variables that affect delinquency and aggression. The protective factors considered in this study included parental education participation, parental supervision, and peer attachment, and the risk factors were academic stress and delinquency experiences of peers. The main results of this study are as follows: firstly, academic stress and parental education participation was slightly low, but parental supervision was high. Further, peer attachment showed a very high score. Delinquency experiences of peers, delinquency, and aggression of adolescents were extremely low. Secondly, the correlation of parental education participation, parental supervision, and peer attachment was negatively related to adolescent delinquency, but the delinquency experiences of peers were positively related to adolescent delinquency. The same results were obtained in the case of adolescent aggression. Further, academic stress was negatively related to adolescent aggression. Finally, hierarchical regression revealed that the variables explaining the juvenile delinquency were parental education participation, peer attachment, and delinquency experiences of peers. Adolescent aggression was explained by sex, academic stress, parental education participation, and the delinquency experiences of peers. In particular, more attention is needed for girls. Various interventions should be provided to prevent problem behaviors.
Supported by : Sungshin University
- Ah, Y. A., & Jeong, W. C. (2012). Mediating effects of internet addiction in the relation between school violence aggression and victimization. Korean Journal of Youth Studies, 19(12), 331-355.
- American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-5(5th ed.). Washington, D. C.: American Psychiatric Association.
- Boman, J. H., Stogner, J. M., Miller, B. L., Griffin, O. H., & Krohn, M. D. (2012). On the operational validity of perceptual peer delinquency: Exploring projection and elements contained in perceptions. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 49(4), 601-621. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022427811419367 https://doi.org/10.1177/0022427811419367
- Bronfenbrenner, U. (2005). Making human beings human: Bioecological perspectives on human development. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
- Chodorow, N. J. (1990). Gender, relation, and difference in psychoanalytic perspective. In C. Zanardi(Ed.), Essential papers on the psychology of women(pp. 420-436). New York, NY: New York University Press.
- Choi, K. R. (2010). The effects of family structure, parental communication, academic problems, and peer relationship on juvenile delinquency. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 48(7), 33-48. http://dx.doi.org/10.6115/khea.2010.48.7.033 https://doi.org/10.6115/khea.2010.48.7.033
- Choi, M. M. (2003). Study of family coping to conduct disorder adolescents. Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare, 15, 130-170.
- Formoso, D., Gonzales, N. A., & Aiken, L. S. (2000). Family conflict and children's internalizing and externalizing behavior: Protective factors. American Journal of Community Psychology, 28(2), 175-199. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005135217449
- Institute for Social Development Studies, Yonsei University. (2010). Child, adolescent happiness indicator and international comparison research. Seoul: Institute for Social Development Studies, Yonsei University.
- Jaggers, J., Church, W. T., Tomek, S., Bolland, K. A., Hooper, L. M., & Bolland, J. (2013). Predictors of gang involvement: A longitudinal analysis of data from the mobile youth survey. Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research, 4(3), 277-291. http://dx.doi.org/10.5243/jsswr.2013.18 https://doi.org/10.5243/jsswr.2013.18
- Kim, A. S. (2005). Youth conflict and self-understanding. Seoul: Sigma Press.
- Kim, Y. H., & Choj, Y. J. (2012). Who is adolescent? Seoul: Jeongminsa.
- Korea Adolescent Panel Research. (2006). Korea Adolescent Panel Research . Seoul: National Youth Policy Development.
- Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs. (2012). Fertility and Family, health, welfare research . Seoul: Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs.
- Lee, H. G. (2013). Sex differences in the effects of adjustment problems on internalizing/externalizing problems of juvenile delinquents. Journal of Adolescent Welfare, 15(3), 295-319.
- Lee, S. G., & Kim, Y. H. (2011). Effects of parents' negative rearing attitude and adolescents' psychological factors on hidden delinquency. Korean Journal of Youth Studies, 18(5), 245-266.
- Lee, Y. H., & Kim, K. Y. (2012). The mediating effects of a child's social skills on the relationship between parenting attitudes and child aggression. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 50(2), 1-10. http://dx.doi.org/10.6115/khea.2012.50.2.001
- McLeod, J. D., Uemura, R., & Rohrman, S. (2012). Adolescent mental health, behavior problems, and academic achievement. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 53(4), 482-497. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022146512462888 https://doi.org/10.1177/0022146512462888
- Meadows, S. O. (2007). Evidence of parallel pathways: Gender similarity in the impact of social support on adolescent depression and delinquency. Social Forces, 85(3), 1143-1167. http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/sof.2007.0048 https://doi.org/10.1353/sof.2007.0048
- Moretti, M. M., Holland, R., & McKay, S. (2001). Self-other representations and relational and overt aggression in adolescent girls and boys. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 19(1), 109-126. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bsl.429 https://doi.org/10.1002/bsl.429
- Nugent, W. R., & Ely, G. (2010). The effects of aggression replacement training on periodicities in antisocial behavior in a short-term shelter for adolescents. Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research, 1(3), 140-158. http://dx.doi.org/10.5243/jsswr.2010.11 https://doi.org/10.5243/jsswr.2010.11
- Oh, K. J., Lee, H. R., Hong, G. W., & Ha, E. H. (1998). K-CBCL Child, Adolescent Behavior Evaluation Criterion. Seoul: Chung-Ang Aptitute Institute.
- Park, J. H., & Kim, H. J. (2012). Factors affecting on juvenile recidivism and gender differences. Journal of Adolescent Welfare, 14(3), 75-96.
- Park, J. S., & Hwang, S. H. (2013). The effects of adolescents' strain, social bonding, and differential association with delinquent peers on adolescents' status offenses. Korean Journal of Youth Studies, 20(10), 77-94.
- Park, Y. S., Moon, S. Y., Im, W. S., & Im, J. H. (2012). Social problems. Seoul: Hakjisa.
- Seo, S. J. (2011). Analysis research on the characteristics of children and adolescents with conduct disorder, and intervention program for them: A review of the domestic literature since 1990. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 27(3), 315-335.
- Seoul Child Panel. (2005). Seoul child development and welfare research. Seoul: Center for Social Sciences, Seoul National University.
- Shaffer, D. R. (2001). Developmental psychology: Childhood and adolescence(6th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
- Simon, R. W., & Nath, L. E. (2004). Gender and emotion in the United States: Do men and women differ in self-reports of feelings and expressive behavior? American Journal of Sociology, 109(5), 1137-1176. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/382111 https://doi.org/10.1086/382111
- South, S. J., Haynie, D. L., & Bose, S. (2007). Student mobility and school dropout. Social Science Research, 36(1), 68-94. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.2005.10.001 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.2005.10.001
- Staff, J., & Kreager, D. A. (2008). Too cool for school? Violence, peer status and high school dropout. Social Forces, 87(1), 445-471. http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/sof.0.0068 https://doi.org/10.1353/sof.0.0068
- Sternberg, R. J. (1988). The triarchic mind: New theory of human intelligence. New York, NY: Viking Penguin.
- Sullivan, T. J. (2006). Introduction to social problems(7th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson/Allyn and Bacon.
- Videon, T. M. (2002). The effects of parent-adolescent relationships and parental separation on adolescent well-being. Journal of Marriage and Family, 64(2), 489-503. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2002.00489.x https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2002.00489.x
- Walker-Barnes, C. J., & Mason, C. A. (2004). Delinquency and substance use among gang-involved youth: The moderating role of parenting practices. American Journal of Community Psychology, 34(3/4), 235-250. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10464-004-7417-1 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10464-004-7417-1
- Williford, A., & DePaolis, K. J. (2012). Identifying predictors of instrumental and reactive aggression among low income minority adolescent girls. Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research, 3(3), 145-161. https://doi.org/10.5243/jsswr.2012.10
- Yang, J. D., & Park, Y. K. (2009). Impact of family and peer on self-efficacy and juvenile delinquency. Korean Journal of Family Welfare, 14(4), 211-235.
- Yoo, Y. J., & Shim, H. K. (2010). Influence of social learning factors on juvenile delinquency. Korean Association of Public Safety and Criminal Justice Review, 39, 115-139.
- Yoon, E. J., & Kim, K. Y. (2010). The mediating effect of narcissism on the relationship between paternal.maternal psychological control, over-expectation, and adolescent aggression. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 48(8), 67-76.
- Young, J. T. N., Barnes, J. C., Meldrum, R. C., & Weerman, F. M. (2011). Assessing and explaining misperceptions of peer delinquency. Criminology, 49(2), 599-630. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-9125.2011.00232.x https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-9125.2011.00232.x
- Young, J. T. N., & Weerman, F. M. (2013). Delinquency as a consequence of misperception: Overestimation of friends' delinquent behavior and mechanisms of social influence. Social Problems, 60(3), 334-356. http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/sp.2013.60.3.334 https://doi.org/10.1525/sp.2013.60.3.334