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Effect of Joule Heating and Hydrostatic Pressure on Reduction of Total Aerobes and Spores of Bacillus cereus in Sauces Prepared with Traditional Korean Fermented Foods

장류를 이용하여 제조한 소스류의 총균 및 Bacillus cereus 포자에 대한 줄가열 및 초고압 처리 효과

  • Received : 2014.06.26
  • Accepted : 2014.09.20
  • Published : 2014.10.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of Joule heating and hydrostatic pressure on reduction of total aerobes and spores of Bacillus cereus in four kinds of sauces prepared with traditional Korean fermented foods. Total aerobes and inoculated spores of B. cereus in sauces were assayed after treatment or during storage at $30^{\circ}C$ after 4 or 8 weeks. Joule heating ($85^{\circ}C$), hydrostatic pressure (550 Mpa, 5 min), and antimicrobial additive (3% ethanol) were separately applied or combined as a hurdle technique. A 1.0~2.0 log reduction in total aerobes of Doenjang and Gochujang sauce was observed upon Joule heating at 80, 85, and $95^{\circ}C$. Significant reductions (0.92~1.21 log/0.5~1.38 log and 1.26~1.7 log/0.47~3.45 log) of total aerobes/spores of B. cereus in Doenjang and Gochujang sauce, respectively, occurred upon JA (Joule+additive), JP (Joule+hydrostatic pressure) or JAP (Joule+additive+ hydrostatic pressure). Effects of each treatments were maintained or increased during storage for 8 weeks at $30^{\circ}C$, suggesting that total aerobes and spores of B. cereus in Doenjang and Gochujang sauce can be controlled through Joule heating or hydrostatic pressure treatment.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 장류를 이용한 소스류 산업화 기술 개발

Supported by : 농림수산식품기술기획평가원

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