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Fundamental Research for Establishing Job-Exposure Matrix (JEM) of Farmer Related to Insecticide of Pesticide (II) : Vegetable

농약물질 중 살충제 관련 농업 종사자들의 직무 -노출 매트릭스 구축을 위한 기초 자료 조사 연구 (II) : 채소류

  • Kim, Ki-Youn (Department of Industrial Health, Catholic University of Pusan) ;
  • Cho, Man-Su (Department of Environment Oriented Information and System Engineering, Graduate School of Bioresources, Mie University) ;
  • Lim, Byung-Seo (Department of Environmental Engineering, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Lee, Sang-Gil (Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute, Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency) ;
  • Knag, Dong-Mug (Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine) ;
  • Kim, Jong-Eun (Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
  • 김기연 (부산가톨릭대학교 산업보건학과) ;
  • 조만수 (일본 미에대학교 공생환경학과) ;
  • 임병서 (충북대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 이상길 (산업안전보건연구원) ;
  • 강동묵 (양산부산대학교병원 직업환경의학과) ;
  • 김종은 (양산부산대학교병원 직업환경의학과)
  • Received : 2014.08.14
  • Accepted : 2014.08.28
  • Published : 2014.09.30

Abstract

Objectives: The main objective of this study is to investigate domestic usage amount of insecticide for vegetable cultivation to provide fundamental data for establishing job-exposure matrix(JEM) related to farmers treating agricultural insecticide. Materials and Methods: The survey on domestic usage amount of insecticide for vegetable cultivation was conducted by two research methods. The first method is to utilize agricultural pesticides published annually from Korea Crop Protection Association(KCPA). The second method is to apply cultivation area of vegetable announced officially from Statistics Korea(SK). An estimation of domestic usage amount of insecticide for vegetable cultivation through the second method was done by multiplying total cultivation area of vegetable($m^2$) with optimal spray amount of insecticide for vegetable cultivation per unit cultivation area of vegetable ($kg/m^2$). Results: As a result of analysis of public data related to insecticide for vegetable cultivation, it was found that its domestic usage amount has decreased gradually from the first sale year(1969) to current year(2012). There is, however, a considerable difference of annual usage trend of insecticide for vegetable cultivation between shipments and estimation. The annual usage trends of insecticide for vegetable cultivation based on regional classification were different from those based on total aspect. Conclusions: The region which used insecticide for vegetable cultivation the most in Korea was Jeolla-do, followed by Gyeonsang-do, Chungcheong-do, Seoul/Gyeonggi-do, Gangwon-do and Jeju-do. Substantially, mean ratio of usage amounts of insecticide based on shipments and those based on estimation by cultivation area was $281{\pm}115%$, which indicates that usage amounts of insecticide estimated by cultivation area are three times lower than those based on shipments.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 안전보건공단

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Cited by

  1. Fundamental Research for Establishing Job-Exposure Matrix (JEM) of Farmer Related to Insecticide of Pesticide (III) : Fruit vol.26, pp.3, 2016, https://doi.org/10.15269/JKSOEH.2016.26.3.317