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In vitro and Lactation Responses in Mid-lactating Dairy Cows Fed Protected Amino Acids and Fat

  • Nam, I.S. (Department of Animal Life and Environment Science, Hankyong National University) ;
  • Choi, J.H. (Department of Animal Life and Environment Science, Hankyong National University) ;
  • Seo, K.M. (Department of Animal Life and Environment Science, Hankyong National University) ;
  • Ahn, J.H. (Department of Animal Life and Environment Science, Hankyong National University)
  • Received : 2014.02.07
  • Accepted : 2014.07.08
  • Published : 2014.12.01

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of ruminally protected amino acids (RPAAs) and ruminally protected fat (RPF) supplementation on ruminal fermentation characteristics (in vitro) and milk yield and milk composition (in vivo). Fourteen mid-lactating Holstein dairy cows (mean weight $653{\pm}62.59kg$) were divided into two groups according to mean milk yield and number of days of postpartum. The cows were then fed a basal diet during adaptation (2 wk) and experimental diets during the treatment period (6 wk). Dietary treatments were i) a basal diet (control) and ii) basal diet containing 50 g of RPAAs (lysine and methionine, 3:1 ratio) and 50 g of RPF. In rumen fermentation trail (in vitro), RPAAs and RPF supplementation had no influence on the ruminal pH, dry matter digestibility, total volatile fatty acid production and ammonia-N concentration. In feeding trial (in vivo), milk yield (p<0.001), 4% fat corrected milk (p<0.05), milk fat (p<0.05), milk protein (p<0.001), and milk urea nitrogen (p<0.05) were greater in cows fed RPAAs and RPF than the corresponding values in the control group. With an index against as 0%, the rates of decrease in milk yield and milk protein were lower in RPAAs and RPF treated diet than those of basal diet group (p<0.05). In conclusion, diet supplemented with RPAAs and RPF can improve milk yield and milk composition without negatively affecting ruminal functions in Holstein dairy cows at mid-lactating.

Keywords

Rumen Protected Amino Acids;Rumen Protected Fat;Fermentation;Milk Yield

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