Understanding Ion Pump Emissions : Classification, Source Identification and Elimination of Emissions from Ion Pumps

  • Wynohrad, Tony
  • Received : 2014.11.14
  • Accepted : 2014.11.30
  • Published : 2014.11.30


Ion pumps continue to be a staple in ultra-high vacuum (UHV) applications. Since their adoption as a primary UHV pump in the 1960's, it has been known that a variety of particles can emanate from within the ion pump and cause undesirable effects on current measurements and optics components. Historically the solution has been baffling and shielding which results in longer conductance paths to the ion pump. Those solutions can work, but require a larger pump and more vacuum plumbing to compensate for conductance losses. The first step was to fully understand the nature of the particles and their charges. Once those were characterized options for emissions reduction were evaluated. It was determined that an efficient design of shielding near the source of the particle generation site was the most cost effective solution. With a slight modification to the chamber of a small ion pump, internal shielding was developed that reduced the emissions by a factor of up to 1000 times.


Ion pump;Emission;UHV;Baffle;Shield;Conductance loss


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