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A Comparative Analysis of Body Composition, Physical Fitness, and Physical Self-Concept between Gifted Students in Math and Science and Non-Gifted Students

과학영재 학생들과 일반학생들의 신체조성, 체력 및 신체적 자아개념 비교 분석

  • Received : 2014.07.10
  • Accepted : 2014.08.11
  • Published : 2014.11.28

Abstract

This study compared and analyzed body composition, physical fitness, and physical self-concept between gifted students in mathematics and science attending Korea Science Academy (KSA) and non-gifted students attending traditional high schools. The KSA students were 117 males who entered the school in 2009. As a control group, a total of 117 non-gifted students were randomly selected from 5 cities. The results of covariate analysis taken 2 year interval, pretest (2009) and posttest (2010), indicated that gifted students were significantly taller (p<.05) than non-gifted students, and were lower in BMI (p<.05) and PBF (p<.001). There was no significant difference in physical fitness between gifted and non-gifted students. But non-gifted students have a significantly higher self-concept in physical appearance (p<.05) and physical strength (p<.05). The internal/external frame of reference model and the Big Fish Little Pond Effect (BFLPE) theory were supported. Especially, gifted students were significantly higher (p<.01) in endurance self-concept than non-gifted students. We have discussion this result as the future research subject whether it come from the characteristics of the gifted's tenacity at high level tasks.

Keywords

Gifted Students;Body Composition;Physical Self-concept

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Dong-Seo University

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