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The Effects of Bed Baths with 2% Chlorhexidine on the Incidence of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Blood Stream Infection in Intensive Care Units

2% 클로르헥시딘 침상목욕 간호가 중환자실 입원환자의 메티실린 내성 황색포도상구균과 혈류감염 발생에 미치는 효과

  • 윤형숙 (중앙대학교병원) ;
  • 최은희 (한국성서대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 김진희 (중앙대학교 적십자간호대학)
  • Received : 2014.07.31
  • Accepted : 2014.10.03
  • Published : 2014.11.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of bed baths with 2% chlorhexidine on the incidence of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and blood stream infection (BSI) and to suggest guidelines on the therapeutic bed baths using skin cleaner. This study was designed to compare the incidence of MRSA and BSI of the experimental group(n=188) who received the bed baths with 2% chlorhexidine with the incidence of MRSA and BSI of the control group(n=199) who received the existing bed baths with soap and skin cleaner. A research design used in the study was a randomized control group posttest-only design. The experimental group had 6.7% decrease in MRSA acquisition than the control group (7.4% vs 14.1%, p=.036). The experimental group was decreased in the incidence density of MRSA than the control group (9.32 cases per 1,000 patient-days at risk of experimental group vs 15.44 cases per 1,000 patient-days at risk of control group; p=.099). The experimental group had 4.5% decrease in the rate of BSI than the control group (0.5% vs 5.0%, p=.011). The experimental group was decreased in the incidence density of BSI than the control group (0.67 cases per 1,000 patient-days at risk of experimental group vs 5.52 cases per 1,000 patient-days at risk of control group; p=.052). These finding indicated that bed baths with 2% chlorhexidine is an effective nursing intervention to decrease the incidence of MRSA and BSI.

Keywords

Baths;Chlorhexidine;MRSA;Infection;Intensive Care Units

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국성서대학교

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