Brain-Waves Analysis according to Ego-state and OK-gram of Transactional Analysis Theory

교류분석이론의 자아상태와 인생태도에 따른 뇌파 분석

  • 정천수 (전북대학교 방사선과학기술학과) ;
  • 김정삼 (목포과학대학교 상담센터) ;
  • 김종일 (전북대학교 방사선과학기술학과)
  • Received : 2014.08.07
  • Accepted : 2014.09.03
  • Published : 2014.11.28


Through this study, we found out whether to measure objectively by using Transactional Analysis(TA) evaluating their own growth and benefit of health through the change of Ego-state, the personality structure and brain waves monitoring electric signals occurring in the brain of the human biological signals. According to the results of brain-wave test, M-type is brain-waves of healthy adults and a, ${\beta}$ were dominantly observed in the occipital while not sleeping. In particular, ${\beta}$ appears widely throughout the brain during nervous or concentrating metal activities and unlike N-type experimenters, ${\beta}$ was found to be dominant in M-type experimenters even in stable condition. N-type is brain waves of healthy adults and a, ${\beta}$ were dominantly observed in the occipital while not sleeping. In particular, unlike nervous or concentrating M-type, there was no noise such as tension and blink while resting. In addition, it turned out that subjects with high levels of A ego do not return quickly to the stable state and show a lot of Blinking and swallowing saliva, noise regardless of the pattern of Egogram. And brain waves of 11 people that the difference in data of OK-gram and Ego-state is the same in all items or less than -5 showed a low amplitude of $20{\mu}V$ in general. In conclusion, this study identified that the theory of personality pattern of Transactional Analysis Theory and brain-wave findings are consistent and also found out that brain waves are also associated according to each Ego-state of Egogram.


Transactional Analysis;Ego-state;OK-gram;Brain-wave


  1. 김미례, 교류분석 상담 입문, 아카데미아, pp.29-35, 2012.
  2. 이숙, "보건진료원의 자아상태 및 대인태도가 우울에 미치는 영향", 대한간호학회지, p.457, 2006.
  3. J. M. Dusay and K. M. Dusay, "Transactional Analysis," Current Psychotherapies, Itasca : F. E. Peacock, p.437, 1984.
  4. I. Stewart and V. Joines, 현대의 교류부분석 TA Today : A New Introduction to Transactional Analysis, 학지사, 2010.
  5. 김종호, "현역 지원병의 자아 상태와 스트로크에 관한 연구", The Korea Journal of Counseling, Vol.8, No.1, p.185, 2007.
  6. 신정훈, 서은미, "BCI 기반 Entertainic 기술개발 동향", 전자공학회지, Vol.34, No.6, pp.679-690, 2007.
  7. 우재현, 교류분석(TA)의 성격요인과 직무만족 및 조직몰입에 관한 연구, 국민대학교 박사학위논문. 1997.
  8. M. Jacques, "Using Transactional Analysis to Increse Organizational Performance," Transactional Analysis Journal, Vol.35, No.4, pp.355-364, 2005.
  9. 신승철, 류창수, 송윤선, 남승훈, "뇌-컴퓨터-인터페이스를 위한 EEG 기반의 피험자 반응시간 감지", 정보과학회논문지 : 소프트웨어 및 응용, Vol.29, No.11, pp.837-850, 2002.
  10. 음태완, 김응수, "뇌파기반 뇌-컴퓨터 인터페이스 기술", 정보과학회지, Vol.22, No.2, 2004.
  11. 김대식, 김병수, 김병원 "임상생리학 Clinical Physiology", 고려의학, pp.362-387, 2003.
  12. W. Klimesch, "EEG alpha and theta oscillations reflect cognitive and memory performance : a review and analysis," Brain Res Rev, Vol.29, No.2, pp169-195, 1999.
  13. P. Sauseng, W. Klimesch, M. Schabus, and M. Doppelmayr, "Fronto-parietal EEG coherence in theta and upper alpha reflect central executive functions of working memory," Int J Psychophysiol, Vol.57, No.2, pp.97-103, 2005.
  14. O. Jensen and C. D. Tesche, "Frontal thera activity in humans increases with memory load in a working memory task," Eur J Neurosci, Vol.15, No.8, pp.1395-1399, 2002.
  15. S. Debener, C. S. Herrmann, C. Kranczioch, D. Gembris, and A. K. Engel, "Top-down attentional processing enhances auditory evoked gamma band activity, Neuroreport, Vol.14, No.5, pp.683-686, 2003.