Religious Coping and Quality of Life in Women with Breast Cancer

  • Zamanian, Hadi ;
  • Eftekhar-Ardebili, Hasan ;
  • Eftekhar-Ardebili, Mehrdad ;
  • Shojaeizadeh, Davood ;
  • Nedjat, Saharnaz ;
  • Taheri-Kharameh, Zahra ;
  • Daryaafzoon, Mona
  • Published : 2015.12.03


Background: The aim of this study was to assess the predictive role of religious coping in quality of life of breast cancer patients. Materials and Methods: This multi-center cross-sectional study was conducted in Tehran, Iran, from October 2014 to May 2015. A total of 224 women with breast cancer completed measures of socio-demographic information, religious coping (brief RCOPE), and quality of life (FACT-B). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the t-test, ANOVA, and linear regression analysis. Results: The mean age was 47.1 (SD=9.07) years and the majority were married (81.3%). The mean score for positive religious coping was 22.98 (SD=4.09) while it was 10.13 (SD=3.90) for negative religious coping. Multiple linear regression showed positive and negative religious coping as predictor variables explained a significant amount of variance in overall QOL score ($R^2=.22$, P=.001) after controlling for socio-demographic, and clinical variables. Positive religious coping was associated with improved QOL (${\beta}=0.29$; p=0.001). In contrast, negative religious coping was significantly associated with worse QOL (${\beta}=-0.26$; p=0.005). Conclusions: The results indicated the used types of religious coping strategies are related to better or poorer QOL and highlight the importance of religious support in breast cancer care.


Negative religious coping;positive religious coping;quality of life;breast cancer


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