- Volume 40 Issue 4
DOI QR Code
Feasibility Study on Styrofoam Layer Cushioning for Banana Bulk Transport in a Local Distribution System
- Wasala, W.M.C.B. ;
- Dharmasena, D.A.N. ;
- Dissanayake, C.A.K. ;
- Tilakarathne, B.M.K.S.
- Received : 2015.10.22
- Accepted : 2015.11.24
- Published : 2015.12.01
Purpose: This study evaluates a new banana bulk packaging method under the real transport conditions of Sri Lanka. Methods: A field evaluation of optimized 8-mm thick Styrofoam sheets used as the cushioning material was applied. A trial transport was conducted from Thambuttegama to Colombo using a medium-sized open truck, with banana leaves as the control material. Data were recorded at the farmer, transporter, retailer, and consumer stages of the supply chain. Mechanical damage, physiological loss in weight, fruit firmness, total soluble solids, ripeness index, visual quality ratings, and the physical damage index of the bananas were measured at each stage. A cost-benefit analysis was also conducted for both packaging methods. Results: The 8-mm styrofoam sheets significantly reduced (p < 0.05) the mechanical damage from 26.3% to 12.9% compared to the conventional method for long-distance transport, and the physiological loss in weight showed a decrease of 2.88%. The loss of firmness of the fruits followed a simmilar pattern for both methods until reaching the retailer, but at the consumer was significantly higher (p < 0.05) for the control. However, the physical damage index at the retail stage for the control showed symptoms of physical injury, whereas the bananas transported using the cushioning materials exhibited only minor symptoms. Further, the visual quality of the fruits after transport from the farmer to the consumer was preserved, which is one of the main factors affecting consumer preference and retail price. The proposed method increases the profit margin by 51.2% for Embul bananas owing to the reduced postharvest losses. Conclusion: The 8-mm thick Styrofoam sheets reduced the physical damage to the bananas, with the quality parameters maintained at the prefered level. Moreover, profits may be increased.
Banana bunches;Mechanical damages;Postharvest losses;Proper packaging;Styrofoam
- Vursavus, K. and F. Ozguven. 2004. Determination the effects of vibration and packaging method on mechanical damage in golden delicious apples. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 28(5):311-320.
- Wasala, W. M. C. B., C. A. K. Dissanayake, D. A. N. Dharmasena, C. R. Gunawardane and T. M. R. Dissanayake. 2014. Postharvest losses, current issues and demand for postharvest technologies for loss management in the main banana supply chains in Sri Lanka. Journal of Postharvest Technology 02(01):80-87.
- Wasala, W. M. C. B., D. A. N. Dharmasena. T. M. R. DIssanayake and B. M. K. S Thilakarathne. 2015. Vibration simulation testing of banana bulk transport packaging systems. Tropical Agricultural Research 26(2):355-367. https://doi.org/10.4038/tar.v26i2.8098
- Zhau, R., S. Q. Su, L. P. Yan and Y. F. Li. 2007. Effect of transport vibration levels on mechanical damage and physiological responses of 'Huanghua' pears (Pyrus pyrifolia Nakai, cv. Huanghua). Postharvest Biology and Technology 46(1):20-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2007.04.006
- Liew, C. Y. and C. Y. Lau. 2012. Determination of quality parameters in Cavendish banana during ripening by NIR spectroscopy. International Food Research Journal 19(2):751-758.
- Maia, V. M., L. C. C. Salomao, D. L. Siqueria, R. Puschman, V J. G. M. Filho. and P. R. Cecon. 2011. Physical and metabolic alterations in 'Prata Ana' banana induced by mechanical damage at room temperature. Sci. Agric 68(1):31-36. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-90162011000100005
- Murthy, D. S., T. M. Gajanana, M. Sudha and V. Dakshinamoorthy. 2007. Marketing losses and their impact on marketing margins: A case study of banana in Karnataka. Agricultural Economics Research Review 20:47-60.
- Ram, A., S. Rajbir, J. K. Jain and K. Anil. 2008. Maturity, transportation and storage study in strawberry fruit. Journal of Food Science and Technology 45(6):540-542.
- Sanford, K. A., P. D. Lidster, K. B. McRae, E. D. Jackson, R. A. Lawrence, Stark, R. and R. K. Prange. 1991. Lowbush blackberry quality changes in response to mechanical damages storage temperature. Journal of American Society of Horticultural Science 116(1):47-51.
- Sarananda, K. H. 2000. Country paper - Sri Lanka. Report of the APO seminar on appropriate postharvest technologies for horticultural crops in Asia.5-9 July, 1999, Bangkok, Thailand, 230-236.
- SAS. 1994. Statistical analysis of software programme packages. SAS Institute version 6.0.
- Singh, Z., J. Janes. and S. Nair. 2003. Packaging materials affect physiological weight loss, fruit colour and quality of mango during storage. Acta Horticulture 553:603-604.
- Sultani, M., R. Alimardani and M. Omid. 2010. Comparison of some chromatic, mechanical and chemical properties of banana fruit at different stages of ripeness. Modern Applied Science 4(7):34-41.
- Thakur, K. S., V. C. M. Reddy and B. B. Kaushal. 2005. Use of polypropylene box-liners and ethylene absorbents for retention of quality of staking delicious apple during marketing. Acta. Horticulture 696:463-466.
- Al-Hosni, A. S., I. K. Al-Busaid, M. Al-Farsi, M. Al-Jabri and H. Al-Azri. 2010. Postharvest characteristics and qualities of selected banana (Musa spp.) cultivars in Oman. Proceedings of International Conference of Banana and Plantain in Africa, Acta Hort 879:407-411.
- Anwar, M. and A. U. Malik. 2006. Hot water treatment affects ripening quality and storage life of mango (Mangifera indica L.), Pakistan Journal of Agriculture Science 44:23-30.
- Armstrong, P. R., M. L. Stone and G. H. Brusewitz. 1997. Peach firmness determination using two different nondestructive irrational sensing instruments. Transactions of ASAE 40(3):699-703. https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.21289
- Dadzie, B. K. and J. E. Orchard. 1997. Routing postharvest screening of banana/plantain hybrids: criteria and methods. INIBAP technical guidelines No. 2. INIBAP, Montpelier.
- Dharmasena, D. A. N. and K. H. Sarananda. 2012. Present status, issus, and future trends in fruit and vegetable handling, distribution and marketing in Sri Lanka. Workshop on postharvest technology and cold chain management. 20-22 March 2012. Amity International Centre for Postharvest Technology and Cold Chain Management, Noida, India. Available at http://www.fruits.soton.ac.uk/?page_id=111.
- Ekanayake, S. and L. Bandara. 2002. Development of banana leather. Annals of the Sri Lanka Department of Agriculture 4:353-358.
- Ferris, S., H. Waiwright and A. K. Thompson. 1998. Susceptibility of plantains (AAB) to mechanical damage. Fruits 50:101-107.
- Gast, K. L. B. and R. Flores. 1991. Post harvest management of commercial horticulture crops. The Journal of the Agriculture Research 7(2):12-18.
- Ilyas, M. B., M. U. Ghazanfar, M. A. Khan, C. A. Khan and M. A. R. Bhatti. 2007. Postharvest losses in apple and banana during transport and storage, Pakistan Journal of Agriculture Science 44(3):534-539.
- Jindal, S., N. R. Beniwal, N. R. Godara and R. P. Sihag. 2005. Studies on the shelf-life of sapota fruits with polyethylene packaging. Haryana Journal of Horticulture Science 34(3):253-255.
- Kader, A. A. and M. Cantwell. 2007. Produce quality rating scales and colour charts. Postharvest technology research and information center, UC Davis University, CA, USA.
- Kudagamage, C., G. W. J. Chandrasiri and A. M. Z. Razmy. 2002. Analysis of long-term trends in banana sector of Sri Lanka. Annals of the Sri Lanka Department of Agriculture 4:21-32.