DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Macroscopic Wear Behavior of C/C and C/C-SiC Composites Coated with Hafnium Carbide

Lee, Kee Sung;Sihn, Ihn Cheol;Lim, Byung-Joo;Lim, Kwang Hyun

  • Received : 2015.08.28
  • Accepted : 2015.09.30
  • Published : 2015.11.30

Abstract

This study investigates the macroscopic wear behaviors of C/C and C/C-SiC composites coated with hafnium carbide (HfC). To improve the wear resistance of C/C composites, low-pressure chemical vapor deposition (LPCVD) was used to obtain HfC coating. The CVD coatings were deposited at various deposition temperatures of 1300, 1400, and $1500^{\circ}C$. The effect of the substrate material (the C/C substrate, the C/C-CVR substrate, or the C/C-SiC substrate deposited by LSI) was also studied to improve the wear resistance. The experiment used the ball-on-disk method, with a tungsten carbide (WC) ball utilized as an indenter to evaluate the wear behavior. The HfC coatings were found to effectively improve the wear resistance of C/C and C/C-SiC composites, compared with the case of a non-coated C/C composite. The former showed lower friction coefficients and almost no wear loss during the wear test because of the presence of hard coatings. The wear scar width was relatively narrower for the C/C and C/C-SiC composites with hafnium coatings. Wear behavior was found to critically depend on the deposition temperature and the material. Thus, the HfC-coated C/C-SiC composites fabricated at deposition temperatures of $1500^{\circ}C$ showed the best wear resistance, a lower friction coefficient, and almost no loss during the wear test.

Keywords

Wear;C/C composite;Hafnium carbide;Coatings

References

  1. A. R. Hyde, "Ceramic Matrix Composites: High-Performance Materials for Space Application," Mater. Des., 14 97-102 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1016/0261-3069(93)90002-D
  2. Y. Xu, Y. Zhang, I. Cheng, I. Zhang, J. Lou, and J. Zhang, "Preparation and Friction Behavior of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Silicon Carbide Matrix Composites," Ceram. Int., 33 439-45 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2005.10.008
  3. M. Esfehanian, J. Guenster, J. G. Heinrich, J. Horvath, D. Koch, and G. Grathwohl, "High-Temperature Mechanical Behavior of Carbon-Silicide-Carbide Composites Developed by Alloyed Melt Infiltration," J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 28 1267-74 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2007.09.053
  4. R. H. Jones, L. L. Snead, A. Kohyama, and P. Fenici, "Recent Advances in the Development of SiC/SiC as a Fusion Structural Material," Fusion Eng. Des., 41 [1-4] 15-24 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0920-3796(98)00285-3
  5. A. R. Raffray, R. Jones, G. Aiello, M. Billone, L. Giancarli, H. Golfier, A. Hasegawa, Y. Katoh, A. Kohyama, S. Nishio, B. Riccardi, and M. S. Tillack, "Design and Material Issues for High Performance SiCf/SiC-based Fusion Power Cores," Fusion Eng. Des., 55 [1] 55-95 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0920-3796(01)00181-8
  6. F. Christin, "A Global Approach to Fiber n-D Architectures and Self Sealing Matricies: from Research to Production," Int. J. Appl. Ceram. Technol., 2 [2] 97-104 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7402.2005.02011.x
  7. W. Krenkel, Ceramic Matrix Composites - Fiber Reinforced Ceramics and Their Applications, WILEY-VCH Verlag Gm BH & Co., Germany, 2008.
  8. R. Naslain, "Design, Preparation and Properties of Non-Oxide CMCs for Application in Engines and Nuclear Reactors: an Overview," Compos. Sci. Technol., 64 155-70 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0266-3538(03)00230-6
  9. S. P. Lee, Y. Katoh, and A. Kohyama, "Microstructure Analysis and Strength Evaluation of Reaction Sintered SiC/SiC Composites," Scr. Mater., 44 153-57 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1016/S1359-6462(00)00542-X
  10. I. S. Han, K. S. Lee, D. W. Seo, and S. K. Woo, "Improvement of Mechanical Properties in RBSC by Boron Carbide Addition," J. Mater. Sci., 21 703-6 (2002).
  11. M. Aparicio and A. Duran, "Yttrium Silicate Coatings for Oxidation Protection of Carbon-Silicate Carbide Composites," J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 83 [6] 1351-55 (2000).
  12. S. Ramasamy, S. N. Tewari, K. N. Lee, R. T. Bhatt, and D. S. Fox, "Slurry Based Multilayer Environmental Barrier Coatings for Silicon Carbide and Silicon Nitride Ceramics - II. Oxidation Resistance," Surf. Coat. Technol., 205 266-70 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2010.07.048
  13. K. N. Lee, D. S. Fox, and N. P. Bansal, "Rare Earth Silicate Environmental Barrier Coatings for SiC/SiC Composites and $Si_3N_4$ Ceramics," J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 25 1705-15 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2004.12.013
  14. J. Kimmel, N. Miriyala, J. Price, K. More, P. Tortorellib, H. Eatonc, G. Linseyc, and E. Sun, "Evaluation of CFCC Liners with EBC after Field Testing in a Gas Turbine," J. Eur. Ceram Soc., 22 2769-75 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0955-2219(02)00142-5
  15. Y. Ye, H. Zhang, Y. Tong, and S. Bai, "HfC-based Coating Prepared by Reactive Melt Infiltration on C/C Composite Substrate," Ceram. Int., 39 5477-83 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2012.12.059
  16. Y. Wang, H. Li, Q. Fu, H. Wu, D. Yao, and H. Li, "SiC/HfC/SiC Ablation Resistant Coating for Carbon/Carbon Composites," Surf. Coat. Technol., 206 3883-7 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2012.03.039
  17. X. Xiong, Y.-L. Wang, G.-D. Li, Z.-K. Chen, W. Sun, and Z.-S. Wang, "HfC/ZrC Ablation Protective Coating for Carbon/Carbon Composites," Corros. Sci., 77 25-30 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.corsci.2013.06.042
  18. S. Bhowmick, J. J. Melendez-Martinez, I. Hermann, Y. Zhang, and B. R. Lawn, "Role of Indenter Material and Size in Veneer Failure of Brittle Layer Structures," J. Biomed. Mater. Res., 82B 253-59 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1002/jbm.b.30728
  19. K. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, W. J. Kim, and G. W. Hong, "Effect of Microstructure on the Indentation Properties of Silicon Carbide-Graphite System Fabricated by LPCVD Method," J. Mater. Sci., 35 2769-77 (2001).
  20. K. S. Lee, S. Wuttiphan, X.-Z. Hu, S. K. Lee, and B. R. Lawn, "Contact-Induced Transverse Fractures in Brittle Layers on Soft Substrates: A Study on Silicon Nitride Bilayers," J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 81[3] 571-80 (1998).
  21. K. S. Lee, K. S. Jang, J. H. Park, T. W. Kim, I. S. Han, and S. K. Woo, "Designing the Fiber Volume Ratio in SiC Fiber-Reinforced SiC Ceramic Composites under Hertzian Stress," Mater. Des., 32 [8-9] 4394-401 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2011.03.080
  22. K. S. Lee, S. K. Kim, T. W. Kim, C. Kim, and D. K. Kim, "Cracking of Densely Coated Layer Adhesively Bonded to Porous Substrates under Hertzian Stress," J. Mater. Sci., 42 9116-20 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-007-2063-2
  23. K. S. Lee, D. H. Lee, and T. W. Kim, "Microstructure Controls in Gadolinium Zirconate/YSZ Double Layers and Their Properties," J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn., 122 [1428] 668-73 (2014). https://doi.org/10.2109/jcersj2.122.668
  24. S. Y. Kim, I. S. Han, S. K. Woo, K. S. Lee, and D. K. Kim, "Wear-mechanical Properties of Filler-added Liquid Silicon Infiltration C/C-SiC Composites," Mater. Des., 44 107-13 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2012.07.064