Effect of using a Cell Phone on Gait Parameters in Healthy Young Adults: Texting and Texting while Listening to Music

휴대전화 사용이 젊은 성인의 보행에 미치는 영향: 문자메시지 보내기와 음악 감상하며 문자메시지 보내기

Yu, Kyung-Hoon;Shim, Jae-Hun;Choung, Sung-Dae;Jeon, Hye-Seon

  • Received : 2015.08.30
  • Accepted : 2015.09.03
  • Published : 2015.11.30


PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown that healthy young adults reduced gait velocity during texting or talking while walking. It was reported that increasing number of pedestrian accidents were related to distract the environmental attention. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of texting and texting while listening to music on gait parameters. METHODS: Texting and listening to music while walking were assessed in two dual-task condition using 35 healthy young adults. The outcome measurements were assessed in terms of spatiotemporal gait parameters in three walking conditions, namely, comfortable walking speed, walking while texting, and walking while texting and listening to music. To avoid learning effect, subjects were individually blinded to assessment schedule and space. The changes between the three walking conditions were analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA. RESULTS: When comparing the two dual-task conditions with the single-task condition, it was found that dual-task interference was increased in almost gait velocity, cadence, stride length, step time, double limb support, and single limb support. In addition, walking while texting and listening to music condition negatively was affected gait speed, stride length, and step time more than the texting only condition. CONCLUSION: Walking while texting and listening to music as well as waling while texting may decrease pedestrian safety when crossing streets by diverting the person's attention away from the street environment.


Texting;Music;Cell phone;Dual-task;Walking


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