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Effect of By-product Feed-based Silage Feeding on the Performance, Blood Metabolites, and Carcass Characteristics of Hanwoo Steers (a Field Study)

  • Kim, Y.I. (Division of Food Biosciences, College of Health and Medical Life Sciences, Konkuk University) ;
  • Park, J.M. (Division of Food Biosciences, College of Health and Medical Life Sciences, Konkuk University) ;
  • Lee, Y.H. (Division of Food Biosciences, College of Health and Medical Life Sciences, Konkuk University) ;
  • Lee, M. (Division of Food Biosciences, College of Health and Medical Life Sciences, Konkuk University) ;
  • Choi, D.Y. (Division of Food Biosciences, College of Health and Medical Life Sciences, Konkuk University) ;
  • Kwak, Wan-Sup (Division of Food Biosciences, College of Health and Medical Life Sciences, Konkuk University)
  • Received : 2014.06.15
  • Accepted : 2014.09.11
  • Published : 2015.02.01

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the effects of feeding by-product feed (BF)-based silage on the performance, blood metabolite parameters, and carcass characteristics of Hanwoo steers. The BF-based silage was composed of 50% spent mushroom substrate, 21% recycled poultry bedding, 15% cut ryegrass straw, 10.8% rice bran, 2% molasses, 0.6% bentonite, and 0.6% microbial additive (on a wet basis), and ensiled for over 5 d. Fifteen steers were allocated to three diets during the growing and fattening periods (3.1 and 9.8 months, respectively): a control diet (concentrate mix and free access to rice straw), a 50% BF-based silage diet (control diet+50% of maximum BF-based silage intake), and a 100% BF-based silage diet (the same amount of concentrate mix and ad libitum BF-based silage). The BF-based silage was fed during the growing and fattening periods, and was replaced with larger particles of rice straw during the finishing period. After 19.6 months of the whole period all the steers were slaughtered. Compared with feeding rice straw, feeding BF-based silage tended (p = 0.10) to increase the average daily gain (27%) and feed efficiency (18%) of the growing steers, caused by increased voluntary feed intake. Feeding BF-based silage had little effect on serum constituents, electrolytes, enzymes, or the blood cell profiles of fattening steers, except for low serum Ca and high blood urea concentrations (p<0.05). Feeding BF-based silage did not affect cold carcass weight, yield traits such as back fat thickness, longissimus muscle area, yield index or yield grade, or quality traits such as meat color, fat color, texture, maturity, marbling score, or quality grade. However, it improved good quality grade (1+ and 1++) appearance rates (60% for the control group vs 100% for the BF-based silage-fed groups). In conclusion, cheap BF-based silage could be successfully used as a good quality roughage source for beef cattle.

Keywords

Spent Mushroom Substrate;By-product Feed;Silage;Meat Quality;Steer;Hanwoo

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Konkuk University

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