관절염을 앓고 있는 여성들의 신체활동 장애와 우울감 사이 의존성의 매개효과

Physical disability, perceived dependence and depression in women with osteoarthritis

  • 투고 : 2015.11.03
  • 심사 : 2015.12.14
  • 발행 : 2015.12.31


본 연구는 관절염 환자들의 신체활동에 대한 제한, 이러한 활동에 대한 상대적 의존성 그리고 우울감 사이의 관련성을 매개효과를 밝히고자 연구를 실시하였다. 연구대상자는 지역사회에 거주하는 여성 농업인 중 관절염을 앓고 있다고 응답한 자 중 209명을 임의로 추출하여 설문조사 방식으로 조사하였다. 결과적으로 관절염으로 인한 세 개의 활동영역(개인의 신변활동, 집안일, 거주지에서의 이동성 등)은 활동제한이 우울감에 직접 관련이 있다기 보다는 활동제한으로 인해 의존성이 발생되고 결과적으로 우울감이 발생되는 경로를 보여 의존성을 개선하였을 경우 우울감이 줄어들거나 극복될 수 있으며, 여가생활에 대한 활동제한은 우울감에 직접적인 효과가 있어 관절염환자들의 활동제한 중에서 무엇보다도 여가생활의 제한은 우울감에 직접적인 영향을 주므로 환자들에게서 여가생활을 적극 장려할 수 있는 프로그램 개발이 필요하다. 결론적으로 관절염환자들의 자기관리능력 함양, 보조 기구 지급을 통한 의존성의 개선은 이들 환자들의 우울감 개선이 될 것이다.




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