The Sensitization Rates for Inhaled Allergens by Skin Prick Test among Some Farmers in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea

피부 단자 검사로 평가한 경기도 일부 농업인의 흡입 알레르겐 감작률

  • Kim, Hogil (Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, College of Medicine, Hanyang University) ;
  • Lee, Ji-Hoon (Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, College of Medicine, Hanyang University) ;
  • Roh, Soo-Yong (Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, College of Medicine, Hanyang University) ;
  • Lee, HyangSeok (Center for Farmer's Safety and Health, Hanyang University) ;
  • Kwon, Soon-Chan (Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, College of Medicine, Hanyang University) ;
  • Lee, Soo-Jin (Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, College of Medicine, Hanyang University)
  • 김호길 (한양대학교 의과대학 직업환경의학교실) ;
  • 이지훈 (한양대학교 의과대학 직업환경의학교실) ;
  • 노수용 (한양대학교 의과대학 직업환경의학교실) ;
  • 이향석 (한양대학교 농업안전보건센터) ;
  • 권순찬 (한양대학교 의과대학 직업환경의학교실) ;
  • 이수진 (한양대학교 의과대학 직업환경의학교실)
  • Received : 2015.10.21
  • Accepted : 2015.12.19
  • Published : 2015.12.31


Objectives: Farmers are known to be exposed to a variety of allergens related to the work environment. This study was conducted to determine the sensitization rates as well as South Korea that they are sensitized to certain allergens farmers through the skin prick test. Methods: By targeting a total of 1143 people living in the rural town of Gyeonggi Province, it was conducted a questionnaire containing demographic and occupational risk factors and underwent skin prick tests with 15 types of allergens(including positive and negative controls). Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the association between occupational risk factors and skin prick test positivity. Results: Except for the 30 people whose result is invalid, positive rate of the skin prick test was 18.6% in 1,113 people. The species of house dust mite, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and Dermatophagoides farinae was the highest at 8.7% and 8.6%. After adjusted by age, gender, smoking and education level, odds ratio of flower plant farmers is 4.467(95% CI: 2.094-9.527) and fruit farmer is 2.275(95% CI: 1.096-4.721). In addition, the rate of sensitization to grass pollen mixture of the flower plant farmers is significantly higher(15.9%, p<0.001) than other allergens. Conclusions: Even farmers, the rate of sensitization to allergens related to the general environment, such as house dust mite is relatively dominant. However, given the presence of potential cross-reactivity between the allergens or distribution showed that the unique aspects of allergen sensitization in the flower growers, occupational cause is not be completely ruled out.


Supported by : 농림축산식품부


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