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피부 단자 검사로 평가한 경기도 일부 농업인의 흡입 알레르겐 감작률

The Sensitization Rates for Inhaled Allergens by Skin Prick Test among Some Farmers in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea

  • 투고 : 2015.10.21
  • 심사 : 2015.12.19
  • 발행 : 2015.12.31

초록

농업인에서 알레르기 질환의 원인이 되는 물질을 찾아내기 위하여 경기도의 일부 농업인 939명을 대상으로 설문 조사와 15가지 흡입 알레르겐들을 사용한 피부 단자 검사 결과를 수행하였다. 하나 이상의 알레르겐에 반응을 보인 감작률은 18.6%였으며 성별 간의 유의미한 차이는 없었다. 주요한 알레르겐으로는 집먼지 진드기, 바퀴벌레, 잔디 꽃가루 혼합물 등으로 나타났으며 화훼 농업과 과수 농업에서 그 오즈비가 높았다. 화훼 재배자의 경우 잔디 꽃가루 감작률이 다른 작목 재배자들에 비해 통계적으로 유의하게 높았다. 비록 농업인들에서도 직업적 요인보다 일반 환경과 관련된 알레르겐에 의한 감작률이 높은 것으로 나타났지만 교차 반응의 가능성을 고려할 때 직업적인 위험도 완전히 배제할 수 없다. 농업인의 건강 증진을 위해 앞으로도 보다 많은 관심과 연구가 필요할 것으로 생각된다.

키워드

Agriculture;Occupational Diseases;Skin Tests

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과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 농림축산식품부