Accelerated SCC Testing of Stainless Steels According to Corrosion Resistance Classes



Borchert, M.;Mori, G.;Bischof, M.;Tomandl, A.

  • 투고 : 2015.06.12
  • 심사 : 2015.12.01
  • 발행 : 2015.12.31


The German Guidelines for stainless steel in buildings (Z.30.3-6) issued by the German Institute for Building Technology (DIBt) categorizevarious stainless steel grades into five corrosion resistance classes (CRCs). Only 21 frequently used grades are approved and assigned to these CRCs. To assign new or less commonly used materials, a large program of outdoor exposure tests and laboratory tests is required. The present paper shows theresults of stress corrosion cracking (SCC) tests that can distinguish between different CRCs. Slow strain rate tests (SSRT) were performedin various media and at different temperatures. CRC IV could be distinguished from CRC II and CRC III with a 31.3 % $Cl^-$ as $MgCl_2$ solutionat $140^{\circ}C$. CRC II and CRC III could be differentiated by testing in a 30% $Cl^-$ as $MgCl_2$ solutionat $100^{\circ}C$.


corrosion resistance class;stress corrosion cracking;stainless steel


  1. National technical approval Z-30.3-6, Germany, Berlin, May 1st, 2014.
  2. R. W. Staehle, J. J. Royuela, T. L. Raredon, E. Serrate, C. R. Morin, R. V. Farrar, Corrosion, 26, 451 (1970).
  3. H.-J. Engelmann, K. Mummert, Mater. Corros., 44, 454 (1993).
  4. H. R. Copson, Physical Metallurgy of Stress Corrosion Fractures, 5, 247 (1959).
  5. M. O. Speidel, Metall. Trans. A, 12A, 779 (1981).
  6. R. W. Staehle, Proceedings of the NATO Science CommitteeResearch Conference, p. 223, Ericeira, Washington D.C., (1971).
  7. J. E. Truman, Corros. Sci., 17, 737 (1977).
  8. M. Knop, R. Byrnes, S. Lynch, Proceedings of the Steel and Hydrogen Conference, p. 129, Ghent (2014).
  9. S. Takagi, Y. Toji, M. Yoshino, K. Hasegawa, N. Wada, K. Takai, Y. Hagihara, Proceedings of the Steel and Hydrogen Conference, p. 13, Ghent (2014).
  10. D. Bauernfeind, J. Romotowski, J. Haberls, G. Mori, J. Bernauer, G. Saller, Proceedings of the Eurocorr 2005, p. 1, Lisbon, Portugal (2005).
  11. Ch. Beyer, H. Speckhardt, Materialwiss. Werkst., 20, 220 (1989).
  12. S. Holzleitner, G. Mori, H. Falk, S. Eglsaer, Proceedings of the NACE Corrosion 2007 Conference, p. 1549, Nashville, USA (2007).
  13. D. Bauernfeind, G. Mori, H. Clemens, Ph. D. Theses, Leoben (2006).
  14. S. Bernhardsson, Proceeding of the Duplex stainless steels Conference, p. 185, Les Ulis, France (1991).