A Study on the Virtuality in Architecture - Focused on the virtuality in the history of architecture and the application of virtual reality in the architectural design -

건축에 있어서 가상성에 관한 연구 - 건축역사 속의 가상성과 가상현실기술의 건축디자인 활용을 중심으로 -

  • Ryu, Jae-Ho
  • 류재호
  • Received : 2015.08.28
  • Accepted : 2015.12.12
  • Published : 2015.12.31


The visual perception is one of the most important factors in architectural design because the understanding about outside space of human is mostly rely on the visual information from his eyes. So, there are many examples of using this kind of visual perception to create the virtual space and the ornament of architectural design with the limited circumstances in the history of architecture. One of the examples of the deception of visual perception in architectural design is the entasis style of column to provide the psychological stability of the observer. Also, the making of the deeper perception in the shallow space using the perspective principle is the another example of deception design for the observer in architectural design. The making of virtuality in the space and architectural element is one of the design methods in architecture from the ancient age. Nowadays the various technologies support this method to add the further meaning in architectural design such as expansion, variability and de-materialization of space. One example of applying the new technology in the space design is the installing of the wide display device in the wall, floor or ceiling to make the virtual image which provides realistic experience and virtual space perception of the observer. Sometimes the wall which is composed of special devices can be transparent to look through like a pane of glass. Otherwise, it can be opaque to make the independent space from the others. The using of computer graphics and sensors with actuators will create the different meanings of wall, floor and ceiling from the traditional architectural elements. This research has analyzed the virtuality concept in many architectural designs and showed the effects of this design results. The results of this paper will be useful in applying the virtuality factors in the architectural design, ornament and space, which is significant for understanding the tendency of the futuristic architectural space design.




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Supported by : 서울과학기술대학교