Digestion of settleable solids from recirculating fish tank as nutrients source for the microalga Scenedesmus sp. cultivation

  • Rotthong, Maneechotiros (Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Advanced and Sustainable Environmental Engineering, Kasetsart University) ;
  • Chiemchaisri, Wilai (Department of Environmental Engineering, Kasetsart University) ;
  • Tapaneeyaworawong, Paveena (National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, National Science and Technology Development Agency) ;
  • Powtongsook, Sorawit (National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, National Science and Technology Development Agency)
  • Received : 2015.08.03
  • Accepted : 2015.10.06
  • Published : 2015.12.31


The high concentration of nitrogen and phosphorus in wastewater incorporated with the ability to use carbon dioxide as the carbon source make the microalgae become more attractive in wastewater treatment process. This study evaluates the optimal conditions for the digestion of settelable solids from the recirculating aquaculture system to produce the biomass of the green microalga Scenedesmus sp. After solids separation, aerobic digestion of settleable solids under disperse condition produced nitrate as the final product of consequently ammonification and nitrification processes. With the optimal digestion procedure, nitrate concentration during aerobic digestion in 2000 mL vessel increased from $9.63{\pm}0.65mg\;N/L$ to $58.66{\pm}0.06mg\;N/L$ in 10 days. Thereafter, cultivation of Scenedesmus sp. was performed in 1000 mL Duran bottle with air bubbling. The highest Scenedesmus sp. specific growth rate of $0.321{\pm}0.01/d$ was obtained in treatment using liquid fraction after aerobic digestion as the whole culture medium for Scenedesmus sp. cultivation. With this study, digestion of $8,800{\pm}128.12mg\;dry\;weight/L$ of settleable solids from fish pond finally produced $1,235{\pm}21mg\;dry\;weight/L$ of Scenedesmus sp. biomass.


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