Phase Inversion Emulsification and Enhancement of Physical Properties for Cationic Emulsified Asphalt

  • Received : 2015.08.26
  • Accepted : 2015.09.10
  • Published : 2015.12.31


In this work, the emulsified asphalt with high phase stability and storage stability was prepared by using phase inversion emulsification and the surfactant mixed with cationic and nonionic surfactants. It was found that the asphalt together with Span 20, nonionic surfactant and DDA (Dimethyl Dodecyl Amine), cationic surfactant showed the most stable phase. The phase stability of the emulsified asphalt, therefore, was investigated through the particle size with mixed surfactant content, rheology behavior and Zeta potential value; the particle size decreased with the increase of the mixed surfactant content but the viscosity increased. The shear thinning behaviors and the Zeta potential value with 50 mV~60 mV were shown, which was found to be considered stable. In addition, SBR latex(Styrene-butadiene-rubber) and water dispersed Epoxy (EPD) were used to enhance the physical properties of the emulsified asphalt. The swelling and adhesion features of the emulsified asphalt were also studied with $CaCO_3$, Silica, and Montmorillonite (MMT). It was shown that the addition of SBR latex and MMT can be another way to improve the physical properties of the emulsified asphalt in that the lowest swelling feature was found.


  1. N. F. Ghaly, I. M. Ibrahim, and E. M. Noamy, "Tack coats for asphalt paving", Egyp. J. Petrol., 23, 61 (2014).
  2. J. Peng, D. Deng, Q. Yuan, Z. Liu, and L. Fang, "Study of the rheological behavior of fresh cement emulsified asphalt paste", Construct. Build. Mater., 66, 348 (2014).
  3. H. A. Rodriguez-Valverde, M. A. Cabrerizo-Vilchez, A. Paez-Duenasb, and R. Hidalgo-Alvareza, "Stability of highly charged particles: bitumen-in-water dispersions", Colloid. Surf. A: Physicochem. Eng. Aspects, 222, 233 (2003).
  4. S. J. Kim, "Asphalt sealant containing the waste edible oil", Elastomer, 39, 63 (2004).
  5. K. S. Kim and Y. K. Hong, "A study on the storage stability of waste vinyl-modified asphalt", Elastomer, 43, 191 (2008).
  6. D. Attwood and A. T. Florence, "Surfactant Systems", edited by D. Attwood and A. T. Florence, Chapman and Hall, New York, 1983.
  7. K. J. Lissant, "Emulsions and Emulsion Technology", edited by K. J. Lissant, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1984.
  8. R. M. K. Cobb, "Emulsion Technology", H. Bennett Ed., 7, Chemical Pub.Co., New York, 1946.
  9. G. Akay, "Flow-induced phase inversion in the intensive processing of concentrated emulsions", Chem. Eng. Sci., 53, 203 (1998).
  10. H. Y. Kim, N. H. Jeong, H. S. Kim, S. Y. Lee, and K. D. Nam, "Preparation and properties of D phase emulsion by silicone oil", J. Kor. Ind. Eng. Chem., 10, 809 (1999).
  11. E. K. Lee, S. Y. Choi, and S. J. Park, "Stabilization of chlorosulfonated polyethylene (CSM) rubber emulsion with surfactant mixture", Elastomer, 36, 249 (2001).
  12. K. Shen, Z. H. Huang, J. Yang, G. Yang, W. Shen, and F. Kang, "The use of asphalt emulsions as a binder for the preparation of polycrystalline graphite", CARBON, 58, 239 (2013).
  13. R. A. Mercado, J. L. Salager, V. Sadtler, P. Marchal, and L. Choplin, "Breaking of a cationic amine oil-in-water emulsion by pH increasing: Rheological monitoring to modelize asphalt emulsion rupture", Colloid. Surf. A: Physicochem. Eng. Aspects, 458, 64 (2014).
  14. T. Saito and R. Ruch, "Stabilization of Colloidal Dispersion by Polymer Adsorption", edited by T. Saito and R. Ruch, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1982.
  15. M. M. Riegar, "Surfactant in Cosmetics", Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 1985.
  16. T. Saito and R. Ruch, "Stabilization of Colloidal Dispersion by Polymer Adsorption", edited by T. Saito and R. Ruch, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1982.
  17. D. H. Napper, "Polymeric stabilization of colloidal dispersions", Academic Press, London, 1983.
  18. A. D. Ward, R. H. Ottewill, and R. D. Hazlett, "An investigation into the stability of aqueous films separating hydrocarbon drops from quartz surfaces", J. Petrol. Sci. Eng., 24, 213 (1999).
  19. M. M. Riegar, "Surfactant in Cosmetics", Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 1985.
  20. H. A. Barnes, "Rheology of emulsions-review", Colloid. Surf. A: Physicochem. Eng. Aspects, 91, 89 (1994).
  21. B. P. Binks, "Modern Aspects of Emulsion Science", edited by B. P. Binks, The Royal Society of Chemistry, London, 1998.
  22. Y. Chen and H. Conrad, ASME Fed., 249, 105 (1999).
  23. E. J. Verwey and J. Overbeek, "Theory of the Stability of Lyotropic Colloids", edited by E. J. Verwey and J. Overbeek, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1948.
  24. K. Buszello, S. Harnisch, R. H. Muller, and B. W. Muller, "The influence of alkali fatty acids on the properties and the stability of paraenteral O/W emulsions modified with solutol HS 15$^{(R)}$", Eur. J. Pharm. Biopharm., 49, 146 (2000).
  25. J. S. Kim, H. S. Uhm, and H. S. Kim, "Atmospheric-pressure plasma treatment of ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA) to enhance adhesion energy between EVA and polyurethane", Elastomer, 39, 7 (2004).
  26. Y. H. Kim, "The effect of zeta-potential on the stabilization of silver nanoparticle colloid prepared by alcohol reduction method with PVP", J. Korean Ind. Eng. Chem., 14, 491 (2003).
  27. D. B. Genovese and J. E. Lozano, "The effect of hydrocolloids on the stability and viscosity of cloudy apple juices", Food Hydrocolloids, 13, 1 (2001).
  28. M. C. Park and M. C. Lee, "The effects of polymeric emulsifier on the water-resistance and time-dependency of acrylic emulsion pressure sensitive adhesives", J. Korean Ind. Eng. Chem., 15, 48 (2004).
  29. R. Du and J. Zhao, "Properties of poly(N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate)/polysulfone positively charged composite nanofiltration membrane", J. Membr. Sci., 239, 183 (2004).
  30. V. G. Poulpoulou and H. Taube, "Interactions of hexacyano ions with $[Ruen_3]^{3+}$ and $[Ruen_3]^{2+}$ in solution", Inorg. Chem. Acta, 319, 123 (2001).