Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Polyphosphate-Polyurethane Composite Foam Brown by H2O

  • Park, Kyeong-Kyu (Department of Chemical Engineering, Dong-A University) ;
  • Lee, Sang-Ho (Department of Chemical Engineering, Dong-A University)
  • Received : 2015.11.09
  • Accepted : 2015.11.19
  • Published : 2015.12.31


Ammonium polyphosphate-polyurethane foam composite (APP-PUF) was prepared from poly(adipate)diol/ammonium polyphosphate composite (f = 2), polyether polyol (f = 4.6), and PMDI (f = 2.5). As a blowing agent, $H_2O$ was used at various concentrations. The thermal decomposition behavior, morphology, closed-cell content, and density of APP-PUF were characterized. At the $H_2O$ concentrations lower than 3.5 php, the cell size of pure polyurethane foams (PUF) and APP-PUFs were close each other. As the $H_2O$ concentration became greater than 5.0 php, the cell size of the PUFs greatly increased compared to that of APP-PUFs. Addition of 1.5~1.9 wt% ammonium polyphosphate to the PUFs greatly enhanced the thermal stability of the PUFs, so 50 wt% residual temperature of APP-PUFs increased to $380{\sim}488^{\circ}C$, which were $30{\sim}70^{\circ}C$ higher than those of the PUFs. Thermal stability of the PUFs and APP-PUFs increased with $H_2O$ content and then decreased once $H_2O$ content exceeded 5 php.


Supported by : 동아대학교


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